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Unformatted text preview: rtment barred immigrant
worker from subsidized jobs.
6. Immigrants’ job applications failed to
7. I punched a student
8. I hurt a student
9. I am an aggressive person
Passive voice transformations remove the actor from the act. First ex = active
sentence. 2nd ex = passive, we know something presumably happened to the
immigrants but it sounds like they've not ﬁlled in some paperwork at some point for
some reason, right? no mention of labour department here Generalization - DAV, IAV and adjective. Choose to use certain level of abstraction
because it is your goal to create or deﬂect negative impression of some person. Language and Masking
1. Silence must be observed during library hours
2. I am a librarian, and it’s my duty to require you, a user
of this library, to observe silence when you are here.
3. Employers always quarrel with unions
4. Unions always quarrel with employers
Truncation: "shhh" / shushing you Truncated form of message ex "silence must be observed during library hours" vs
what's really being said permutation - changes attribution you're going to make for who's responsible ex Employers always quarrel with unions (more likely to think employers responsible
for the quarrel than the unions) Passive
Passive Voice Effects: Henley, Miller, &
Mock news reports:
Rape, battering, robbery, murder
Active vs passive voice versions
Active vs. passive voice versions Are
Are attributions of harm and responsibility
to reports of rape affected by active vs
Common strategy - victim blaming "she was asking for it, she was in a crowded bar
wearing skimpy clothes" trying to ﬁnd an excuse for a m...
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- Spring '08