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Unformatted text preview: ed that this places women in a
secondary position to men, and renders them
invisible in language, thus contributing to sexism
invisible in language thus contributing to sexism
i.e., when masculine generics are used (Man, his),
do people think of men?
“Throughout most of history, men have breast-fed
their babies.” is it true this form of lang inﬂuences how ppl perceive the world? is it really the case that when ppl use masc generics, they're not thinking of women as
well as men they're actually really thinking of men? that the lang is indeed biased? Change statements and put men in position (men breastfeeding ex). Don't use masc
generics when it comes to things reserved for female actions. Proactive
Proactive inhibition: in memory, we get interference
when items are in the same category—e.g., a list
of male names.
Release from PI occurs when a word falls into a
different category—e.g., a female name.
If “man” and “his” are gender neutral, then they
would allow release from PI. If they are encoded in
the male category, PI will continue (and recall
would be poor)
proactive inhibition paradigm - easier to remember things in a different category ex. mike, matthew, scott, john, and jennifer When all items fall into category --> interferences in those categories use this paradigm to see how ppl are encoding these masc generics.so masc generics
would actually release you from proactive inhibition. if things are actually encoded in
masc category you don't get release from PI and memory V for those items Gave
Gave word pairs, and asked people to try to remember them.
Either masculine or feminine:
queen/Linda, nun/Mary, girl/Iris, mum...
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- Spring '08