L17 Conspiracy Theories

1 1222013 cts similar to but different from rumor

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Unformatted text preview: 3 CTs similar to but different from: Rumor: Knapp (1944). A proposition for belief of topical reference disseminated without official verification. Knapp (1944) Rumors Collected 1089 rumors in 1942” Urban legends: Contemporary stories that typically have a moral lesson; Gossip: Interpersonal communication about the reputation of other people who are typically not present Social functions of stereotypes Definition Conspiracy theories are sets of often erroneous beliefs that people use to explain malevolent and/or unlawful acts that are directed by and in favor of small that are directed by and in favor of a small and and powerful group that works in secret against a larger group of unwitting victims. 50% concerned intergroup tensions—i.e., Antitensions— Antiadministration; anti-British; anti-Semitic antiantiPeople believe and pass along rumors when there is social anxiety and uncertainty Part Part 2. When do CTS form and spread? TopTop-down: Leadership and justification for war BottomBottom-up: Social context and the spread of CTs 2% wish based (e.g., the Japanese do not have enough oil to last 6 months) 25% fear based (e.g., the entire Pacific Fleet was lost at Pearl Harbor) 66% hostile (e.g., that Churchill blackma...
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