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A GUEST WORKER PROGRAM WILL DECREASE ILLLEGAL IMMIGRATION Politicians are increasingly playing off the fear of invasion. They report that there are too many immigrants, too many illegal migrants. They propose remedies like greater policing of the border or building a wall across the 2,000 mile 1 border which separates the U.S. and Mexico. The number of illegal migrants crossing the border is large. Between January 2000 and March 2005 over 4.5 million illegal immigrants were caught and sent home, while millions more slipped through. 2 Although the majority are Mexico natives, they also come from places like Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. With the population of Mexico booming, nearly doubling since 1975 reaching 100 million in 2000, combined with the conversion of agricultural land into industrial, the number of immigrants coming to the U.S. in search of jobs will only rise as jobs become less available in their home countries. 3 Illegal immigration will consequently continue to cause social, security, and economic problems. One of the few ways by which to decrease illegal immigration and curb the social, security, and economic problems resulting from it is to implement a guest worker program. The guest worker program as proposed by President Bush would reduce illegal immigration by increasing the ability for Mexicans to enter the United States legally. The guest worker program calls for immigrants seeking work to register with a service where they will receive notification about availablejobs. Upon applying and being accepted by an employer they can then receive an immigrant worker visa. At the same time any illegal migrant currently in the 1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “US-Mexico Environmental Program: Border 2012.” 6 Mar 2006. <http:// www.epa.gov/r6border/intro.htm>. 2 Office of the Press Secretary. “Fact Sheet: Securing America Through Immigration Reform.” The White House. 28 Nov 2005 <http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2005/11/20051128-3.html>. (Cited 12 Dec 2006). 3 Portes, Alejandro. “Introduction: Toward a Structural Analysis of Illegal (Undocumented) Immigration.” Special Issue: Illegal Mexican Immigration to the United States. International Migration Review . Vol 12 No 4. pp 469-484. Winter 2004. <http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0197-9183%28197824%2912%3A4%3C469%SAITASAO %3E2.O.CO%3B2.S>. (cited Dec 4 2006). pp 20.
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country can register for the same service but if they wish to receive to register for a visa (and thus become legal immigrants) they would have to pay a fee of $1,000-$2,000. 4 Therefore, the program providing incentive for migrants to remain in their home countries until receipt of a job in order to avoid the thousand dollar fee. The genius of the guest worker program is that it recognizes many immigrants are coming for a short period of time .Whereas, previously, they had long wait periods for visas, they would now obtain them quickly (Currently, the average wait for a non-immigrant visa interview in Mexico City is 135 days
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This essay was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course ENGLISH 060.113 taught by Professor Heidbrink during the Fall '06 term at Johns Hopkins.

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