HIST 1015 Second Exam Review - Second Exam HIST to 1865 I.D...

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Second Exam HIST to 1865 I.D. Terms The Grand Settlement Funded Debt Entail o Land cannot be subdivided into smaller pieces o Land was scarce in England, if the land is split up then the families wealth would decline. This law worked in England but was pointless in the colonies because of how much available land there was. The Great Awakening o A Revival that swept through the colonies in the middle of the 18 th Century o John Wesley- English minister who goes to America to preach o George Whitfield a former actor who preached and would attract huge crowds o New Lights- people who embrace the Great Awakening and Embrace these preachers o Old Lights- people who opposed the Great Awakening. People who leave their old churches want to be exempt from paying taxes. You are exempt if you belong to a sober church, which they did not classify the New Light churches as being sober. This changes how people viewed politics and authority. George Whitfield o A former Actor turned preacher who would attract crowds of 20,000- 30,000 people o Preached for new light churches o Made it very difficult for people to listen to normal preachers. Louisburg o A French base that was believed to be impenetrable.
o William Shirley, Mass. Governor, captures the outpost with English Soldiers. o English no longer have to worry about French harassing English ships. o Treaty of Aix La Chappelle ended the war of Austrian Succession (King Georges war) o The outpost would later be given back to the French, which made the colonists angry. The Stamp Act o Law passed by Parliament in 1765 to raise revenue in America by requiring taxed, stamped paper on printed documents such as contracts, shipping papers, newspapers/almanacs, cards, and dice. o Stamp act Congress was a meeting of delegates who adopted the “Declaration of Rights and Grievances”, which declared the stamp act was unconstitutional. o Mobs attacked stamp distributors Republican Ideology o Belief that government was strong and powerful and would take away liberty if the people did not prevent that from happening. People must always be vigilant. o Virtue- to do what’s best for society Had to be independent Had to be sufficient (could not be a slave) Had to be a man (women were controlled by men) Had to have land to be your own boss. o In order to create an American Identity one needed to accept Republican Ideology The Tea Act o The British East India Company does not have money to pay for a colony they own. Parliament does not want to lose the British East India Company (too big to fail) so they help them by selling more tea
o The Tea Act was designed to bail out the British East India Company o Encouraged Consumption of Tea by removing the tax on tea going from India to Britain.

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