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Second Exam HIST to 1865I.D. Terms•The Grand Settlement •Funded Debt•EntailoLand cannot be subdivided into smaller piecesoLand was scarce in England, if the land is split up then the families wealth would decline. This law worked in England but was pointless in the colonies because of how much available land there was. •The Great AwakeningoA Revival that swept through the colonies in the middle of the 18th CenturyoJohn Wesley- English minister who goes to America to preachoGeorge Whitfield a former actor who preached and would attract huge crowdsoNew Lights- people who embrace the Great Awakening and Embrace these preachersoOld Lights- people who opposed the Great Awakening. People who leave their old churches want to be exempt from paying taxes. You are exempt if you belong to a sober church, which they did not classify the New Light churches as being sober. This changes how people viewed politics and authority. •George WhitfieldoA former Actor turned preacher who would attract crowds of 20,000-30,000 peopleoPreached for new light churchesoMade it very difficult for people to listen to normal preachers. •LouisburgoA French base that was believed to be impenetrable.
oWilliam Shirley, Mass. Governor, captures the outpost with English Soldiers. oEnglish no longer have to worry about French harassing English ships. oTreaty of Aix La Chappelle ended the war of Austrian Succession (King Georges war) oThe outpost would later be given back to the French, which made the colonists angry. •The Stamp ActoLaw passed by Parliament in 1765 to raise revenue in America by requiring taxed, stamped paper on printed documents such as contracts, shipping papers, newspapers/almanacs, cards, and dice. oStamp act Congress was a meeting of delegates who adopted the “Declaration of Rights and Grievances”, which declared the stamp act was unconstitutional. oMobs attacked stamp distributors •Republican Ideology oBelief that government was strong and powerful and would take away liberty if the people did not prevent that from happening. People must always be vigilant. oVirtue- to do what’s best for societyHad to be independent Had to be sufficient (could not be a slave)Had to be a man (women were controlled by men)Had to have land to be your own boss. oIn order to create an American Identity one needed to accept Republican Ideology •The Tea ActoThe British East India Company does not have money to pay for a colony they own. Parliament does not want to lose the British East India Company (too big to fail) so they help them by selling more tea
oThe Tea Act was designed to bail out the British East India CompanyoEncouraged Consumption of Tea by removing the tax on tea going from India to Britain.