HIST 1015 Study Guide Midterm 1 - History Study guide#1...

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History Study guide #1 HIST 10151.What is a proprietary colony?A colony created when the English monarch granted a huge tract of land to an individual or groups of individuals, who became “lords proprietor”. a.How do proprietary colonies differ from royal colonies?Royal Colony-a colony ruled by a governor appointed by a monarch; in a proprietary colony the people that lived their owned the land and made their own rules. b.How do proprietary colonies differ from charter colonies?Charter colonieselect the governor, elect the members of the Upper House, and laws are not sent to England for approval. Were able to pick who led them but were all about making money. Promoted through charters by companies like the Indian Trading Company. c.How are they similar to each?d.What proprietary colony was established in 1630’s? Why?Maryland, given to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore by King Charles I because of the success of tobacco in Virginia. e.What proprietary colony was established in the 1660’s? Why?New York, King Charles II claimed that the land belonged to England and took the land from Peter Stuyvesant/New Netherland. The land was to James the Duke of York and he divided into two colonies New York and New Jersey. New York was valuable because it included the port of New York City and the Hudson Valley with its fur trade. f.Were Proprietary colonies successful in the eyes of proprietors?2.Preferred sources of labor in the 17thCentury in the Chesapeake a.What was the preferred source of labor in the Chesapeake in the early 17th Century?Indentured servants, men came to America thinking after their service they would become wealthy landowners.
What was the preferred source of labor in the Chesapeake in the late 17th Century?Slavery became the predominant labor source toward the end of the century. b.What were the advantages of each labor system?Indentured Servants were cheap to bring over from Europe.An owner owned his slave and all their offspring for life. c.What were the disadvantages of each labor system? Indentured servants towards the middle of the 17thcentury had better living conditions, which made them able to finish their service and become competition to their former landowners. Slaves until the end of the 17thcentury were extremely expensive. d.Why did the preferred source of labor change from one system to the other by the end of the century?Slaves become the preferred source of labor by the end of the 17thcentury because of two factors, the lower death rate and the cheaper prices of slaves. Lower death rate made plantation owners more willing to invest in slaves because they lasted longer and had the ability to produce children who had a better chance of surviving than years previous. The Royal

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