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Anxiety caused by intergroup interaction connected to cognitive control on racial stereotyping126006606September 21, 2011Article Review 1Psychology 409, Fall 2011
Amodio, D. (2008). Intergroup anxiety effects on the control of racial stereotypes: a psyhconeuroendocrine analysis. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45,60-67. Abstract:Anxiety and cognitive processes of automatic racial stereotypes are altered when an individual is faced with intergroup interaction. The connection between anxiety or controlled processes and intergroup interaction is a mystery. To test the effects of biased aspects of intergroup anxiety with stereotypes, interracial interaction was studied. The present research shows an undeniable connection between self reported anxiety or stress, psychophysical responses and interracial contact, however, intergroup anxiety may not have a direct effect on controlled processing. Research has shown that interracial interaction can have negative effects on cognitive processing but past research has not considered anxiety’s role and it is unknown whether they are linked. The hypothesis here is that compared to baseline tests, post interaction tests would show more self reported anxiety and salivary cortisol released which makes controlled processes worse. Design: experimentalProcedure: Participants include forty white American undergraduate students (72% of which are female). They were told that the experiment was on social attitudes. The experiment took place between 2pm and 7pm when cortisol levels are most stable. To establish a baseline, participants relaxed and browsed magazines for ten minutes and completed a checklist and a set of filler personality questionnaire that was unrelated to race and a state affect test in which they rated their emotions on a 1 (not at all) to 7 (extreme) scale. After twenty minutes of rest the first saliva sample was taken. Then participants were told they were going to be interviewed about attitudes