Simplified WW2 & Holocaust.pdf - WWII 1939-1945 ■ Hitler...

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HH::1939-1945
Hitler Takes PolandAfter securing the Rhineland,Austria, + Czechoslovakia, Hitlerwanted PolandAfter WWI, the Allies createdthePolish Corridor (strip ofland that cut throughGermany to give Polandaccess to the sea)Hitler demanded that itbe returnedHitler + Stalin had signed aNonaggression Pact in which theyagreed not to attack each other for10 yrs. Secretly, it also determinedhow they would divide Poland +stated the USSR could take overFinland, Estonia, Latvia, + Lithuania
9/1/1939 Hitler’s surprise attack onPoland began w/ tanks + aircraft,followed by massive infantry -this isknown asblitzkrieg“lightning war”2 days later (9/3/1939), Britain +France (The Allies) declaredwar, but they couldn’t mobilizebefore Poland fell to HitlerHitler quickly annexed WesternPoland while Stalin occupied theEastern ½ + Finland, Estonia,Latvia, + Lithuania
The Fall of FranceAfter declaring war, Britain + Francestationed troops along theMaginot Line(a system of fortifications alongFrance’s border w/ Germany) + waitedfor the Germans to attack.Nothinghappened for 6 months – this wasknown as the “Phony War”This lasted until April of 1940when Nazis invaded Denmark (in4hrs!) + Norway (in 2 months)In May, Nazis swept throughNetherlands, Belgium, +LuxembourgWhile British + French were distractedwatching other countries fall, the Naziscame through the Northern woods ofFrance.They circled around to trap theAllied troops
Allied troops were trapped at beaches ofDunkirk when the British sent every availableship (naval + civilian) to rescue them.Theysaved over 300,000 troopsAfter Dunkirk, France fell on 6/22/1940Germans occupied Northern France, butset up a puppet gov.’t in the southknown asVichy FranceFrench General Charles deGaulle established agovernment-in-exile in London
The Battle of BritainBritain’s new Prime Minister wasWinston ChurchillSummer 1940, theLuftwaffe(German Air Force) began bombingBritain’s Air Force.In September,they started bombing citiesespecially London to break BritishmoraleThe RAF (British Royal AirForce) was able to fight backb/c in addition to the inventionof radar, the British acquiredan Enigma machine whichwas a German code makingmachine.They nowunderstood the German’ssecret messagesLasted until May 1941, when Hitlerordered a halt
Fighting in Northern AfricaOnce Italy formally joined w/Germany (The Axis Powers)against the Allies, Mussolini beganattacking North Africa inSeptember 1940.Mussoliniwanted to capture theBritish-controlled Suez Canalwhich would give access toMid-Eastern oilBritish push Italians back +take 130,000 ItaliansprisonerHitler sent in the AfrikaKorps, led by General ErwinRommel “The Desert Fox”Advantage goes back+ forth b/w British +Germans
Hitler InvadesUSSR6/22/1941 Hitler launchesOperationBarbarossa (his plan to invade theSoviet Union)USSR completely unprepared +Nazis advance 500mi.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Naayer

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