The maternal mortality rate is declining only slowly

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Unformatted text preview: score is almost double that of Japan. e conclusion: social norms, political culture and public attitudes matter as much as economic wealth and overall human development in dening opportunities for women. Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women ì༎  Target 3A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary educa1on preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015 ì༎  In 2008, there were 96 girls for every 100 boys enrolled in primary school, and 95 girls for every 100 boys in secondary school in developing regions. ì༎  The share of women employed outside of agriculture remains as low as 20 per cent in Southern Asia, Western Asia and Northern Africa. ì༎  The global share of women in parliament con1nues to rise slowly and reached 19 per cent in 2010 — far short of gender parity. Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality Rates ì༎  Target 4A: Reduce by two- thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under- five mortality rate ì༎  The number of children in developing countries who died before they reached the age of five dropped from 100 to 72 deaths per 1,000 live births between 1990 and 2008. ì༎  Almost nine million children s1ll die each year before they reach their filh birthday. ì༎  The highest rates of child mortality con1nue to be found in sub- Saharan Africa, where, in 2008, one in seven children died before their filh birthday. ì༎  Of the 67 countries defined as having high child mortality rates, only 10 are currently on track to meet the MDG target. No indicator more powerfully demonstrates the scale of the challenge facing the international community than child mortality. e slowdown in progress since 1990 has set the world on course for comprehensive failure in meeting the MDG. On current trends the world will achieve the two-thirds reduction in child deaths targeted by ized gap between target and outcome. e cumulative cost of that gap represents more than 41 million additional child deaths between now and 2015—almost all of them in developing countries ( g ure 1.19). ese are lives that would be saved if the targets were met. e following are among the main ndings from the trend projection: Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality Rates GOAL UNMET Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health ì༎  Target 5A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ra1o ì༎  Target 5B: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproduc1ve health ì༎  More than 350,000 women die annually from complica1ons during pregnancy or childbirth, almo...
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This document was uploaded on 01/18/2014.

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