10 tb prevalence number of cases per 100 000

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Unformatted text preview: 69 493 South Asia 306 325 Eastern Asia 239 European countries in Commonwealth of Independent States 77 147 Asian countries in Commonwealth of Independent States 99 146 156 Latin American and the Caribbean 89 117 78 Western Asia Northern Africa 125 52 308 Developing regions 240 0 200 1990 400 2003 Tuberculosis kills nearly 1.7 million people a year, most of them in their prime productive years. The emergence of drug-resistant strains of the disease, the spread of HIV/AIDS, which enhances susceptibility to TB, and the growing number of refugees and displaced persons, have all contributed to its spread. In 2003, there were an estimated 8.8 million new cases, including 674 000 in people infected with HIV. The number of new tuberculosis cases has been growing by about 1% a year, predominantly because of the AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. By contrast, prevalence and death rates may already be falling in other regions (see Figure 10). Whether the burden of TB can be reduced sufficiently to reach the MDGs by 2015 depends on how rapidly TB treatment programmes can be implemented by a diversity of healthcare providers, and how effectively they can be adapted to meet the challenges presented by HIV co-infection (especially in Africa) and drug resistance (especially in eastern Europe). 600 Source: WHO 800 Health Facts Halve by 2015 tion of people without access to safe ater and sanitation Figure 12: Access to improved water sources: regional trends (in percentage) 88 90 49 0. Proportion of with sustainable access oved water source, rural e period 1990-2002, ater coverage in developing from 71% to 79%. As ows, the greatest gain was southern Asia (from 71% he lowest coverage rates sub-Saharan Africa where f the population has access. have seen the greatest Sub-Saharan Africa 58 83 89 72 71 84 73 79 83 88 71 79 2002 Latin American and the Caribbean Eastern Asia 78 1990 Northern Africa Sources: UNICEF, WHO Southern Asia South-eastern Asia Western Asia Developing regions Overall in the developing world, the richest 20% of households are twice as likely to use safe drinking water sources as the poorest 20% of households, and four times more likely to use improved sanitation. Health Facts Figure 13: Proportion of population using improved sanitation in urban and rural areas, 2002 (in percentage) 24 Southern Asia 66 26 Sub-Saharan Africa 55 30 Eastern Asia 69 44 Latin America and the Caribbean 84 46 Oceania 84 49 South-Eastern Asia 79 49 95 57 89 65 92 31 73 Rural Urban Health and the Millennices: UNICEF, WHO Sour um Development Goals in 2005 Western Asia Northern Africa Commonwealth of Independent States Developing regions Why Health Maters ì༎  Investment: If health is poor and the chance of mortality is high, individuals will engage in less long run- term investment. These investments can be in anything from technology to capital. ì༎  Produc0vity: Bad health limits the amount of...
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This document was uploaded on 01/18/2014.

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