These investments can be in anything from technology

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Unformatted text preview: ?me an individual can spend doing produc?ve ac?vi?es. If an individual is sick a lot they will be able to spend less ?me working. Low- Hanging Fruit For Better (Global) Health? ì༎  It seems like there are plenty of low hanging fruit in health care (from vaccines to bed nets) that would significantly improve the lives of individuals, but they are difficult to implement. ì༎  It could be a result of misinforma?on Low- Hanging Fruit For Better (Global) Health? ì༎  Every year, 1 in 5 children who die, die from diarrhea ì༎  Efforts are underway to develop a vaccine for rotavirus. ì༎  But the same effect can be made with chlorine bleach (for purifying water) and salt and sugar (for ORS). ì༎  $100 spent on chlorine can prevent 32 cases of diarrhea ì༎  Most people die from dehydra?on when they get diarrhea. ORS is nearly free and can prevent this outcome. ì༎  But neither chlorine nor ORS is used much ì༎  Bleach and ORS are not the only low hanging fruit that could enhance produc?vity through more days worked, but most of them are unused. The Health Trap ì༎  Workers may get sick and miss work days ì༎  Children get sick and miss school days ì༎  Sick mothers give birth to sick babies ì༎  Sachs uses the example of Malaria. Where Malaria weakens the workforce making them unproduc?ve ì༎  Studies suggest that eradica?ng malaria would have a long run effect on poverty reduc?on ì༎  Bed nets are a cost effec?ve way to lower the incidence of malaria ì༎  Clean water is also a way to lower disease prevalence Why Aren’t These Technologies Used More? ì༎  Underu0lized Miracles ì༎  The is one problem with the idea that money can get people out of a health based poverty trap and that is some of these technologies are so cheap that everyone can use them (i.e. BreasTeeding). ì༎  While poor individuals may be unable to afford water piped into their house, for 2% of that cost they can purchase enough chlorine to purify their water for a year. ì༎  In a experiment, even when the price of chlorine is lowered to 25% of its normal cost, people s?ll chose not to buy it. ì༎  There are similar result for bed nets. Why Aren’t These Technologies Used More? ì༎  The Desire for Be=er Health ì༎  Because the po...
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