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This was followed by a wto decision in 2003 to ease

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Unformatted text preview: them available in settings with weak health systems and limited capacity to reach those in need remain the biggest obstacles to treatment. Health Facts Figure 14: Access to antiretroviral therapy Source: WHO 75% - 100% 50% - 74% 25% - 49% 10% - 24% Less than 10% No reports of people on treatment Estimated percentage of people covered among those in need of antiretroviral therapy, situation as of December 2004 deaths. About 80% of malaria deaths are among young children living in subSaharan Africa. Malaria mortality among children 0-4 years in sub-Saharan Africa in the year 2002 was estimated at more than 800 000 deaths. Today, 40% of the age of five in Africa because they suffer the largest burden. Currently only about 15% of them sleep under a net, and only 2% sleep under an insecticidetreated net. In the majority of African countries for which data are available, at Health Facts Figure 8: World map of risk of malaria transmission nd the Millennium Development Goals in 2005 nd the Millennium Development Goals in 2005 No risk Limited risk High risk Source: WHO with recent fever are treated with antimalarial drugs. However, these figures do not take into account late treatment, inadequate dosing, poor quality drugs, the drugs. So effective, life-s to be significa progress has b of mosquito malaria-endem Saharan Africa curement or d increased fourover the past f Health Facts Figure 9: Mosquito nets sold or distributed, sub-Saharan Africa, 1999-2003 (in millions) 4 Central Africa East Africa Millions 3 Indicator 23. rates associa 2 Southern Africa 1 Western Africa 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Source: UNICEF Tuberculosis people a yea prime product of drug-resista the spread of susceptibility number of r Despite the availability of a safe, effective, and relatively inexpensive measles vaccine for more than 40 years, measles remains a major cause of childhood mortality. About 4% of deaths among children under five are attributed to measles. The graph shows that while routin measles immunization coverage d eveloping countries as a who remained relatively constant betwee 1990 (71%) and 2003 (75%), strikin regional differences exist. The develope market economies, Central and Easte Europe and the Commonwealth Independent States, Latin America an the Caribbean, and the Middle East an northern Africa regions show stab trends at above 85% coverage. Th southern Asia region remains at belo 80% coverage but is improvin primarily due to increasing levels coverage in India. The eastern As region shows a sharp decline from 98 coverage in 1990 to 85% in 2003. Th decline is associated primarily with change in methodology of measurin coverage in the People’s Republic China. There is a gradual but sm improvement in coverage in the su Saharan Africa region from 56% 1990 to 61% in 2003. Health Facts Figure 4: Measles immunization coverage: regional trends (in percentage) 70 Oceania 57 56 61 Sub-Saharan Africa 58 Southern Asia 69 71 South-Eastern Asia 79 80 84 Western Asia 98 Eastern Asia 85 85 Northern Africa 93 76 Latin American and the Caribbean 93 85 Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe 97 71 75 Developing regions 1990 2003 Sources: UNICEF, WHO Millions rates associated with tuberculosis 2 Southern Africa 1 Health Facts Western Africa 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Source: UNICEF Figure 10: TB prevalence, number of cases per 100 000 population (excluding HIV positive) 323 Sub-Saharan Africa 485 726 South-eastern Asia 446 569 Oceania 3...
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