Is indicator during the 1990s at significant progress

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ress has in developing countries, with ncrease from 41% to 57% 990 and 2003. However, mportant differences across shown in Figure 6. In subica, there was no significant r the period, with coverage attendants remaining at throughout the decade. western Asia, there was also ovement, with coverage y only 2%, although rates rally higher than in subrica. By contrast, coverage gnificantly in northern Africa h-eastern Asia so that by the etween two thirds and three f women had a skilled t delivery in these regions. highest overall levels of coverage with 86% of women having a skilled attendant at delivery in 2003. Within these regional groupings there are significant differences between and within countries. Health Facts Figure 6: Skilled care at delivery: regional trends (in percentage) 28 Southern Asia 37 40 41 Sub-Saharan Africa 61 62 Western Asia 34 South-Eastern Asia 64 41 Northern Africa 76 51 Eastern Asia 82 74 Latin America and the Caribbean 86 41 Developing regions 57 0 10 1990 20 30 2003 40 50 60 70 80 Sources: UNICEF, WHO 90 100 A health systems action agenda The creation of strong health systems is not an end in itself - it is a means to achieve better health outcomes. Effective and equitable health systems are an influence p rovider behaviour, the balance between curative and preventive care, client demand, and so forth. Removing charges, on the other hand, may increase utilization among poorer groups while having unexpected Health Facts Figure 1: Human resources for health, by WHO region, 1995-2004 Physicians per 10 000 population 90 30+ % of population in region 15-29 100 90 % of population in region 100 <5 5-14 Nurses and midwives per 10 000 population 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 80 5-19 70 20-49 60 50+ 50 40 30 20 10 10 0 <5 s c ca pe an sia ifi ica fri ro ac ne er tA A P s Eu rra Ea rn Am ite hte ut ed es M W So rn te as E 0 s c ca pe an sia ifi ica fri ro ac ne er tA A P s Eu rra Ea rn Am ite hte ut ed es M W So rn te as E Source: WHO countries in easter n Europe have e x p e r i e n c e d r a p i d l y g ro w i n g epidemics. In countries of Asia and the Pacific, rapid spread has occurred in populations with high-risk behaviour with the potential for gradual spread in the general population, but some countries have shown that generalized vulnerability and risk. The MDG indicator HIV prevalence among young pregnant women (15-24) is used as an indicator of the new infection rate in a population. Currently, not enough data are available to provide a full trend analysis for this indicator. Health Facts Figure 7: Percentage of adults aged 15-49 living with HIV who are women, selected developing regions, 1985-2004 60 Sub-Saharan Africa er pop a at %Pof centulgeion 50 Caribbean 40 Latin America Eastern Europe and Central Asia 30 Asia 20 10 0 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 the Millennium Development Goals in 2005 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Sources: UNAIDS, WHO the Millennium Development Goals in 2005 the Millennium Development Goals in 2005 les objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 on drugs, should be interpreted to support countries’ rights to safeguard public health and promote access to medicines for all. This was followed by a WTO decision in 2003 to ease cost of these drugs and the challenges of making...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 01/18/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online