Unformatted text preview: ed the reliability and predictive ability of the KAII (PratoPrevide 1984; Hammond 1986; Holland 1987; Prato-Previde and Massimo 1987; Beene
and Zelhart 1988; Joniak and Isaksen 1988; Taylor 1989b; Markus 1992; Foxall and Hackett 1992a, 1992b; Pettigrew and King 1993). The KAII has also proven a reliable measure
in cross-validation studies (Keller and Holland 1978).
Multiple studies have replicated the early KAII studies of public and private managers
and employees (Goldsmith 1986b; Goldsmith and Matherly 1986; Prato-Previde and Massimo 1987; Robertson et al. 1988, 1989; Clapp and De Ciantis 1989; Selby et al. 1993;
Bobic, Davis, and Cunningham 1999). The KAII has been used successfully in studies of
British (Jacobson 1993) and Australian managers (Foxall and Hackett 1992a), Italian citizens and students (Prato-Previde and Massimo 1987; Prato-Previde 1991), and New Zealand
college students (Singer 1990) as well as in cross-cultural comparisons of different nations
Prato-Previde (1984) concluded that the KAII was based on sound psychometric principles. The stability, validity, and reliability of the KAII measure of creativity has been so
well established that the British Psychological Society has given it a B rating (DEVA Partnership 2001). Not only has the KAII been validated and its reliability established, a brief
Internet search (using Netscape, AltaVista, Yahoo, Infoseek, and other search engines) revealed that over thirty major management consulting ﬁrms use the KAII in their professional consulting work. There were literally thousands of sites making reference to the
KAII, most of which were either business or consulting ﬁrms. Further investigation revealed that corporations such as Proctor and Gamble, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Barclays,
Kimball Consulting, and the American Chemical Society use the KAII for team building
and task management.
Applying the Requisite Diversity Principle An individual’s tendency to use innovative or adaptive methods is deeply ingrained (Kirton
1984); even after tr...
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