This argument is disingenuous on two levels first it

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Unformatted text preview: nd differently than those moving up. For example, a person who has satisfied his or her esteem needs will continue to be self-motivated even when facing problems with lower-order needs satisfaction (Rowan 1999, 129–30). Alternatively, another person in similar circumstances may be overly anxious about the possibility of the loss of esteem-needs satisfaction and engage in unproductive behavior.6 Simply because the work environment of the 1990s and into the twenty-first century is more uncertain than that of the 1960s, this does not imply that workers will then require a more or less directive style of management in order to generate high performance. It has been argued that because Maslow consciously rejected standard scientific methods in developing his theory, any criticisms based on scientific findings are reductionist. This argument is disingenuous on two levels. First, it misinterprets Maslow’s intent. Maslow always intended his work to be scientific or, at least, subsequently supported by empirical work (1968, 220; 1998, 70–71), but he knew he was dealing with a new, relatively unexplored topic (Heylighen 1992). He chose a methodology that was “primitive,” not “unscientific” or “metascientific.” He anticipated that social science would evolve new methods with which to explore and (he hoped) validate his theory. Second, by denying that his work is scientific, one neatly sidesteps the very real problem that scientific evidence simply does Rowan does not make this point in his article, but it is logically implied by his discussion and certainly by common experience. 6 Bobic and Davis A Kind Word for Theory X not confirm Maslow’s hypotheses. Even if Maslow intended his model to be a holistic approach to human motivation, scientific verification is at least a part of holistic theory. Maslow’s critics do not challenge the notion that people are motivated by a drive to satisfy needs. Nor do they challenge the particular needs identified in Maslow’s hier...
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This document was uploaded on 01/22/2014.

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