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Unformatted text preview: be filled with tropical
forests and had an abundance of oil, gas, and minerals until human activities took over and greatly
impacted the environment. Forests were wiped out for construction of new buildings and oils, minerals, and gas were being extracted daily. The social impact of tourism greatly affected the environment in Hainan
as well. New developments took up space and Hainan quickly became “One of the most popular tourism
destinations in China for decades. It has also been the particular region that draws attention from all scales
of society with developing policies, investment and interest.” Although tourism is important for economic
success and is intertwined with the society in Hainan, the environment is paying the cost for this “fast
growing industry.” Tourism has greatly impacted the society in negative aspects as well, “Extensive
tourism development can bring about undesirable social effects such as increased prostitution, gambling,
drunkenness, rowdyism, unwanted noise, congestion, and other excesses.” Not only is the society in
Hainan affected by the tourists, but they are also losing their cultural identity due to external forces (people
visiting from other countries). As for the economy, Hainan’s main revenue comes from tourism, however,
due to rising living costs, less people have come to stay in Hainan.
The history of Hainan dates back to “200 BC when Hainan Island fell under Chinese Control
during the Qin Dynasty.” After some time, Hainan became home to an ethnic group known as Li and later
became a popular location for the Communist Party elite in China. Hainan was one of the first places in
China to experience “a development and real estate boom after it was declared China’s newest, province
in 1988 and parts of it became a Special Economic Zone.” Hainan falls under control of the Communist
Party of China. Although China is a Communist coun...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2014 for the course GEOG 203 taught by Professor Ianfeinhandler during the Fall '08 term at Sonoma.
- Fall '08