Research Analysis Lib Data

The practical application of these ndings may lie in

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Unformatted text preview: ates when they are viewed from the societal level. What are the implications of this research? Divorce is clearly a multifaceted phenomenon that reflects a variety of psychological, social psychological, and sociological influences. Focusing on any one variable, or even a collection of variables, is unlikely to generate a complete “solution.” Perpetuating a common set of religious beliefs in an effort to reduce the divorce rate is clearly not desirable or workable, nor is the attempt to reduce (or even stall) the overall transition of society from the mechanical to the organic. The practical application of these findings may lie in the degree of “cultural homogeneity” between two individuals and the society as a whole, which Burgess, Locke, and Thomas (1963) suggested many years ago as one of several factors that significantly impacts marital adjustment and divorce. While this research does not minimize the importance of individual, socialpsychological variables on marital relationships, it points to a broader set of contextual variables that may serve to influence or “constrain” this dimension of social behavior. Although individual and smaller-scale structural factors have been analyzed extensively in the literature, our knowledge of the influence of communitybased normative systems on divorce is much more rudimentary. A challenge of future research is to create multilevel models wherein both individually-based variables and contextual variables are analyzed in the same framework. Only then will we develop a more complete understanding of the dynamics of marital stability. ENDNOTES *Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Sociological Society, Baltimore, Maryland. April 3–6, 2002. REFERENCES Aldous, Joan. 1983. “Problematic Elements in the Relationship Between Churches and Families.” Pp. 67–80 in Families and Religions: Conflict and Change in Modern Society, edited by W. D’Antonio and J. Aldous. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Blau, Peter M., Carolyn Beeker, and Kevin M. Fitzpatrick. 1984. “Intersecting Social Affiliations and Intermarriage.” Social Forces 62:585–605. Blum, Terry C. 1985. “Structural Constraints on Interpersonal Relations: A Test of Blau’s Macrosociological Theory.” American Journal of Sociology 91:511–21. Booth, Alan, David Johnson, Lynn White, and John Edwards. 1985. “Women, Outside Employment, and Marital Stability.” American Journal of Sociology 90:567–83. THE IMPACT OF RELIGIOUS HOMOGENEITY 353 Booth, Alan, David Johnson, Ann Branaman, and Alan Sica. 1995. “Belief and Behavior: Does Religion Matter in Today’s Marriage.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 57:661–73. Bradley, Martin, Norman Green Jr., Dale Jones, Mac Lynn, and Lou McNeil. 1992. Churches and Church Memberships in the United States 1990: An Enumeration by Region. State and County Based on Data Reported for 133 Church Groupings. Atlanta, GA: Glenmary Research Center. Breault, Kevin D. and Augustine J. Kposawa. 1987. “Explaining Divorce in the United States: A Study of 3,111 Counties, 1980.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 49:549–58. Brodbar-Nemzer, Jay Y. 1986. “Divorce and Group Commitment: The Case of the Jews.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 48:329–40. Burgess, Ernest W., Harvey J. Locke, and Mary M. Thomas. 1963. The Family: From Institution to Companionship. 3rd ed. New York: American Book. Call, Vaughn and Tim B. Heaton. 1997. “Religious Influence on Marital Stability.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 36:382–93. Carlson, Christopher. 1990. Perspectives on the Family: History, Class, and Feminism. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Chaves, Mark. 1994. “Secularization as Declining Religious Authority.” Social Forces 72:749–74. Chaves, Mark and Philip S. Gorski. 2001. “Religious Pluralism and Religious Participation.” Annual Review of Sociology 27:261–81. Coombs, Lolagene C. and Zena Zumeta. 1970. “Correlates of Marital Dissolution in a Prospective Fertility Study: A Research Note.” Social Problems 18:92–102. D’Antonio, William 1983. “Family Life, Religion, and Societal Values and Structures.” Pp. 81–108 in Families and Religion: Conflict and Change in Modern Society, edited by W. D’Antonio and J. Aldous. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. D’Antonio, William and Joan Aldous (eds.). 1983. Families and Religions: Conflict and Change in Modern Society. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Durkheim, Emile. [1915] 1965. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. New York: Free Press. ———. [1893] 1964. The Division of Labor in Society. New York: Free Press. ———. [1897] 1951. Suicide: A Study in Sociology. New York: Free Press. Ellison, Christopher G., Jeffrey Burr, and Patricia McCall. 1997. “Religious Ho...
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