Ch 10 Muscle Tissue notes (1).doc - 69 Muscular System...

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CHAPTER 10 | HAP69Muscular System Notes(HAP)What’s In A Word?:Prefixes:1.ad-2.anti-3.a-, an-, ar-4.bi-5.brachio-6.circum-7.co-, con-8.costo-9.dia-10. dys-11. en-, endo-12. ex-, exo, ecto-13. epi-14. fibro-15. hyper-16. inter-17. iso-18. meta-19. multi-20. peri-21. quadri-22. semi-23. sub-24. syn-, sym-25. trans-26. tri-27. uni-Suffixes:28. –blast29. –ism30. –lysis31. –oid32. –osis33. –plasm, –plasia34. –trophy35. viscera-Root Words:36. abdomino-37. bucca-38. cardio-39. dorsum-, dorso-40. glosso-41. myo-42. neuro-43. oculo-, opthalmo-44. reno-, reni-, nephro-45. sarco-Chapter 10:Muscle Tissue Notes(HAP)I.General InformationA.muscles make up __________ the body’s massB.muscles transform __________________ energy (_______) into _________________ energyC.without muscles, nothing in the body would move (locomotion of the body, blood, food, etc)D.each cell forms a fiberII.TypesA. skeletal1.striated ( _____________ )2.___________________3.___________________4.fast to ______________5.cylindrical, non-branching
Kearney |B. cardiac1.found only in ___________2.____________________3.____________________4.____________________5.cylindrical, branching6.____________ to fatigueC. smooth1.found in the walls of ________2.visceral means “_________”3.____________________4.____________________5.movement slow and sustained,very strong6.spindle-shaped7.__________________8.___________ to fatigue(skeletal muscle)(cardiac muscle)(smooth muscle)III.Functions of skeletal muscleA.movement of ____________B.____________ maintenance and body positionC.heat generation ( _________________ )1.¾ of energy released by ATP escapes as __________ to regulate body temperatureD.stabilize ______________E.support soft tissues – abdominal wall and floor of pelvic cavity have layers of skeletal musclethat support weight of _____________ organs and shield internal tissues from ____________F.guards entrance and exits – _____________ and ____________ tracts openings allow skeletalmuscle’s _____________ control of swallowing, defecation and urinationG._____________ reserves – if we have inadequate protein or calcium, proteins in muscle breakdown to form amino acids that the liver can convert to ___________IV.Functional propertiesA.excitability – the ability to receive and respond to a _______________B.contractibility – ability to _________________C.extensibility – ability to be ________________ or extendedD._________________ – ability to resume its resting lengthV.Skeletal muscleA.gross anatomy1.muscle fibers – each _________ is a _________2.connective tissue wrappinga.contains ____________ cells – embryonic ________ cells that function in repairof damaged muscle tissueb.contains capillaries and nerve fibers70
CHAPTER 10 | HAP(mesenchyme connective)71i.muscle requires an abundant amount of __________, therefore asignificant ________ supply.There is a vast network of ________ vesselsc.three layers of connective tissuei._________________ – made of _________ connective tissue1.covers each muscle fiber or cell.Several fibers arecompartmentalized together in a bundle called a _______________ii._________________ – surrounds the fascicle1.made of ____________ and ___________ fibers2.capillaries and nerves within provide blood and innervate the fiberswithin the fascicleiii._________________ – covers the entire muscle.1.made of _________ ____________ connective tissuea.separate muscle from surrounding tissues and organsiv.at the end of each muscle, the collagen fibers of the endo-, peri- andepimysium come together to form a _________ or a broad sheet( ________________ ) where they contact bone.Made of dense _______connective tissue1.the collagen fibers extend into _________ matrix, providing a firmattachment(areolar connective)(dense irregular connective)(dense regular connective)VI.Microscopic anatomy of musclesA.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Winkler
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Muscle Tissue Notes

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