Basic Animal Behavior

Wha t is a n a dequa te a mount of spa c e a n a nima

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Unformatted text preview: a tion & a c tivity? Wha t is a n a dequa te a mount of spa c e a n a nima l needs for ' hea lthy' beha vior a l expr ession? Do a nima ls suffer ? How do a nima ls suffer ? Ca n suffer ing be elimina ted? Wha t a r e the beha vior a l needs, a s distinc t fr om food, wa ter a nd shelter needs, of a nima ls in c a ptivity? An ima ls d o N OT h a ve R ig h t s ! a ) Why? Contr a c ta r ia nism - Mor a lity is a set of r ules tha t individua ls volunta r ily a gr ee to follow (like a c ontr a c t), c over a ge of the c ontr a c t usua lly extends to other s who do not ' under sta nd' the c ontr a c t (this is c a lled indir ec t duty): c hildr en, senile a dults, menta lly disa bled, pets a nd spec ia l a nima ls; but sinc e a nima ls CAN N OT under sta nd c ontr a c ts they a r e N OT c over ed a nd ha ve N O r ights. Utilita r ia nism - The mor a l doc tr ine tha t wha t is best or most useful is good; the a im of mor a l a c tion is to ma ximiz e plea sur e a nd to minimiz e suffer ing, the gr ea test ha ppiness to the gr ea test number ; c onc ept is ba sed on utility - the va lue of ha ppiness or fr ustr a tion gener a ted by a n a c tion; to deter mine a mor a l a c tion we a dd up a ll the utility va lues for ha ppiness & fr ustr a tion a nd DO the a c tivity with the highest a ggr ega te utility; so a nima ls ha ve low utility, people ha ve high utility a nd thus, we c a n mor a lly DEN Y r ights to a nima ls. b) Wa it! Contr a c ta r ia nism is ba sed on ' Might ma kes Right' , how c a n tha t be a useful mor a l philosophy? Indir ec t duty is N OT a mea ningful mor a l c onc ept. We ha ve a dir ec t duty to not be c r uel a nd to be kind so c ontr a c ta r ia nism F AIL...
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This document was uploaded on 01/24/2014.

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