Basic Goat Biology

3 fa t angor a ra ised exc lusively for their fleec e

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Unformatted text preview: 2000 lbs per la c ta tion a t 3. 3% fa t. Angor a - Ra ised exc lusively for their fleec e (moha ir ); 90% of Amer ic a n Angor a s a r e in Texa s; diet is a lmost entir ely br owse a nd br oa dlea f pla nts; usua lly shor n twic e a yea r with weights of 4 to 6 lbs per c lipping; ma tur e doe wt - 80- 90 lbs, buc ks weigh 125 to 175 lb. Pygmy goa ts - Or igina lly fr om west a nd c entr a l Afr ic a for mea t pr oduc tion, now in US a s unique pets; no sea sona lity in br eeding (a ny sea son sinc e they a r e equa tor ia l a nima ls); a da pted to humid subtr opic s a nd toler a nt of tr ypa nosomes. E . H e al t h an d D i se ase The most impor ta nt disea se in da ir y goa ts (a s it is in da ir y c a ttle) is ma stitis (infla mma tion of the udder ). Clinic a l ma stitis inc ludes the infec tion of the ma mma r y gla nd by ba c ter ia (pr inc ipa lly str eptoc oc c us a nd sta phyloc oc c us). Antibiotic tr ea tment is effec tive, but the milk must be disc a r ded until medic ine is c lea r ed fr om the gla nd. Another c ommon a fflic tion is c onta gious ec thyma (sor emouth, a lso seen in sheep) c ha r a c ter iz ed by sor es a r ound the mouth (like a her pes c old sor e). The c a use is a her pes vir us tha t c a n be pr evented with va c c ina tion but not c ur ed (some pr oduc er s pur posely infec t kids with sc a bs of a dults, in the ea r , to c r ea te a n immune r esponse in the kids, but in a n unimpor ta nt loc a le). This disea se IS tr a nsmissible to huma ns. Coyotes wer e a lso the la r gest pr eda tor of goa ts in the a nima lsc ie nc e 2.uc da vis.e du/a ns1/ha ndouts/goa ts.html 2/3 10/30/13 Ba sic Goa t Biology five ma jor pr oduc ing sta tes (AZ, MI, N M, OK, a nd TX) a c c ounting for 29. 3 per c ent of losses. The va lue of goa ts lost fr om a ll pr eda tor s wa s $5. 48 million. a nima lsc ie nc e 2.uc da vis.e du/a ns1/ha ndouts/goa ts.html 3/3...
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This document was uploaded on 01/24/2014.

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