Basic Goat Biology

Goa ts shed ba by teeth a nd a ge like sheep r egur

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Unformatted text preview: teeth. Goa ts shed ‘ ba by’ teeth a nd a ge like sheep, r egur gita te a nd r e- c hew their food, using mic r oor ga nisms in the r umen to fer ment fibr ous pla nt ma ter ia l - pr oduc ing food ener gy a nd metha ne (to be belc hed) in the pr oc ess. d) La c ta tion: Remember - a doe must give bir th to a kid befor e she c a n be milked. On a ver a ge la c ta tion extends for a bout 230 da ys, but c a n extend to the 305 da y figur e of c a ttle. However , outsta nding does a r e usua lly not r ebr ed in the ensuing a utumn a nd thus c a n be milked for up to 20 months (pr egna nc y ha s a depr essing effec t on la c ta tion). This is when you see does with pr oduc tion figur es of 5000 lbs of milk or mor e. Other wise, a ver a ge pr oduc tion is 2, 100 lbs of 3. 6% fa t, 3. 5% pr otein milk. Aver a ge da ily pr oduc tion is a bout 6. 5 lbs per da y (a ppr ox 3 qua r ts), just r ight for a fa mily of four . e) B r eeding: 99% of does a r e br ed na tur a lly (a mor e a c c ur a te number would be 100%, but ther e a r e pr oba bly some a r tific ia lly br ed does). B uc ks smell, so tha t one should keep them a wa y fr om the her d until br eeding is nec essa r y. This is pa r tic ula r ly tr ue in a milking her d, wher e the buc k odor c a n find it’ s wa y into the milk. a nima lsc ie nc e 2.uc da vis.e du/a ns1/ha ndouts/goa ts.html 1/3 10/30/13 Ba sic Goa t Biology C . B a s i c H u s b a n dr y a n d M a n a g e me n t a ) Kid Ma na gement: Kids need c olostr um for the fir st 3 to 5 da ys of life. Kids r a ised on a bottle (r a ther tha n nur sing) should get a ppr ox 8% of body weight per da y, fed two or thr ee times a da y. Wea ning c a n oc c ur between 6 to 12 weeks, with ha y a nd c r eep feed being a va ila ble. Ca str a tion a nd dehor ning is usua lly done between 2 a nd 5 da ys. b) Ra ising Repla c ements: Repla c ement kids a r e fed to r ea c h br eeding siz e (85 to 90 lbs) a t 9 to 10 months of a ge. This c a n be a c c omplished by pr oviding a good- qua lity pa stur e, per ha ps with some gr a in supplementa tion (1 lb or less per hea d...
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This document was uploaded on 01/24/2014.

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