Geronotology - 1/29 Gerontology the study of human aging process from maturity to old age and the study of the elderly as a special population

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1/29 Gerontology – the study of human aging process from maturity to old age and the study of the elderly as a special population. Senescence- age related loss of function due to cellular mutations that accumulate over time. Definitions of Aging - Chronological age: # of years since birth - Biological Aging: changes in organs and cells - Psychological Aging: changes in cognitive processes and mental functioning attitude. - Social Age: Social roles, relationships, contexts Perspective of Aging - Biological: genes, lifestyles, and environmental influences of aging - Sociological: societal norms, cultural contexts, status, population demographics - Psychological: cognition, emotions, adaptability, self-concept, lifespan view - Philosophical: personal meaning, spirituality ethics Interdisciplinary Fields - Medicine – Pharmaceuticals, dentistry, physical and occupational therapy. - Economics – housing, marketing, legislation, social policy and programs. - Social work- mental health services, religious organizations - Employment – retirement, financial planning, recreation Golden Age of Aging? - In ancient times “old age” was 35 - Status and prestige, linked to wealth, control of land, knowledge and health - In harsh environments, elders were a burden to nomadic tribes - In classical art, youth, strength, and beauty were idealized, old age meant ugly and incompetent. Modernization Theory - Industrialization thought to have led to decline in the status of elderly in society.
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- From farming to westward expansion to factories and technology - Education of young shifted to society rather than family Ageism - Stereotyping, prejudice, discrimination of curd aversion to the elderly and the aging process - Some stereotypes – obsolete, senile, cranky, weak, cheap, ugly and sexless - Sociogenic Aging: having no physical basis, but imposed on elderly by societal prejudice. 2/5 Stereotypes of Aging - Labeling individuals gives us a quick way to structure our interactions - Oversimplifying inaccurate and ignores inconsistent information - Emotional not objective Negative stereotypes - Illness, impotence, incapacity, ugly, deteriorating mind, mental illness, isolation, poverty, depression. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course GERENTOLOG 100 taught by Professor Forgot during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Oswego.

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Geronotology - 1/29 Gerontology the study of human aging process from maturity to old age and the study of the elderly as a special population

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