Wood___Roberts_2011_Tradional_Economic_G

2 t o d etermine t he o ptimal l and use p attern t

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Unformatted text preview: nt = Yield x (price - cost) - Yield x ( Transport rate x distance). Using the three points plot a straight-line rent graph for each o f the three crops (see Figure 2.1). Using the rent graph determine the optimal pattern o f agricultural land use sur­ rounding the central marketplace. You should have a clear indication o f the boundaries separating the three crops. O nce you have determined the optimal land use pattern modifY the price o f t he crops, p lot a second rent graph a nd n ote h ow t he changes impact o n t he optimal land use pattern. Table 2 .2 Data for three agricultural products Crop Yield Unit Price Unit Cost Transport Rate Apples Figure 2.12 Loschian landscape N ote: City-rich sectors are shaded. Source: based o n G arner 1967 : 31 7 . 15 pounds $ 30 $ 15 $ 3.00/km Potatoes 3 0 pounds $ 15 $ 10 $ 0.25/km W heat 2 0 bushels $23 $ 20 $ 0.05/km Source : Authors . 33 34 TRADITIONAL LOCATION THEORY TRADITIONAL ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHIES T able 2.3 indicates the a mount o f each raw material t o p roduce a single ton o f the final product for five different products. Use the values shown in Figure 2.13 presents a location problem involving one firm using two raw material inputs that sells its product t o a T able 2.3 t o calculate the material index for each single market. I n o rder t o d etermine t he least cost product. Then calculate the total t on mileage required t o production location for the firm you need to calculate the t he product at each o f the three locations shown total ton mileage involved i n p roducing o ne t on o f the these results identifY the optimal, at each o f three possible locations raw material i n Figure 2.13. least cost location for each o f t he five products. 1, raw material a nd t he market it~elf. EXERCISE 2 .2 ~ /1 ,~<; / ~_ " / / 2.13 Weberian location problem Source: based on L10vd a nd D icken 1977: 122. Table 2 .3 Data for five manufactured products Raw Materia/ 2 2 tons 2 tons 2 1 ton 4 tons 3 0 ,5 ton 0 .5 ton 4 5 Source: Authors, 12 tons 0 .25 ton W . a nd Barney W arf Practice, a nd Industrial N ew York: Location Theories in Economic a nd Business Geography. One o f a series o f websites established by economic ITenffrf11Jher '''_ I 6 rn',es--., ---_____ / I' Raw Material 1 J. h ttp://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/ Raw material 2 Product H arrington, Location: Routledge. Professor Emeritus Gunter Krumme a t the University Washington in Seattle for his own courses. Contains many types o f materials. Useful starting pOintfor fimher exf)[nrirzff location theories a nd their application. h ttp://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans Rodrigue, J-P. et at. (2009) 7];e Geography o f l lofstra University, Department o f Global Studies and Geography. A very useful, comprehensive. up-to-date site on all aspects tramportation a nd geography written a nd produced by Professor Jean-Paul Rodrigue o f the Department o f Global Studies a nd Geography a t Hofstra University in New York. www-personal.umich.eduf - nystuenl thunenl thunenl I/ '---- Classic collection o f foundational contributions to the model­ bUilding tradition in geography. SUGGESTED WEBSITES /;! Market (1967) 1 / 0 .",0 R ichard J. a nd Peter Models in Geoqraphv. London: Methuen. A more recent a nd very clear summary focusing specifically on industrial location issues. ~ Raw material 1 / SUGGESTED FURTHER R EADING 6 tons 0 .25 ton Materia/Index Website o flhe 7hiinen !-Jociety, North American Division. 7he is 'dedicated to the preseriJation o f the works, both , Heinrich von Ihunen' and the website has numerous links to resources on 7hunen, his lifo a nd ideas, a nd to the 7hunen museum a t 1ellow in 35 34 TRADITIONAL LOCATION THEORY TRADITIONAL ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHIES T able 2.3 indicates the a mount o f each raw material t o p roduce a single ton o f the final product for five different products. Use the values shown in Figure 2.13 presents a location problem involving one firm using two raw material inputs that sells its product t o a T able 2.3 t o calculate the material index for each single market. I n o rder t o d etermine t he least cost product. Then calculate the total t on mileage required t o production location for the firm you need to calculate the t he product at each o f the three locations shown total ton mileage involved i n p roducing o ne t on o f the these results identifY the optimal, at each o f three possible locations raw material i n Figure 2.13. least cost location for each o f t he five products. 1, raw material a nd t he market it~elf. EXERCISE 2 .2 ~ /1 ,~<; / ~_ " / / 2.13 Weberian location problem Source: based on L10vd a nd D icken 1977: 122. Table 2 .3 Data for five manufactured products Raw Materia/ 2 2 tons 2 tons 2 1 ton 4 tons 3 0 ,5 ton 0 .5 ton 4 5 Source: Authors, 12 tons 0 .25 ton W . a nd Barney W arf Practice, a nd Industrial N ew York: Location Theories in Economic a nd Business Geography. One o f a series o f websites established by economic ITenffrf11Jher '''_ I 6 rn',es--., ---_____ / I' Raw Material 1 J. h ttp://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/ Raw material 2 Product H arrington, Location: Routledge. Professor Emeritus Gunter Krumme a t the University Washington in Seattle for his own courses. Contains many types o f materials. Useful starting pOintfor fimher exf)[nrirzff location theories a nd their application. h ttp://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans Rodrigue, J-P. et at. (2009) 7];e Geography o f l lofstra University, Department o f Global Studies and Geography. A very useful, comprehensive. up-to-date site on all aspects tramportation a nd geography written a nd produced by Professor Jean-Paul Rodrigue o f the Department o f Global Studies a nd Geography a t Hofstra University in New York. www-personal.umich.eduf - nystuenl thunenl thunenl I/ '---- Classic collection o f foundational contributions to the model­ bUilding tradition in geography. SUGGESTED WEBSITES /;! Market (1967) 1 / 0 .",0 R ichard J. a nd Peter Models in Geoqraphv. London: Methuen. A more recent a nd very clear summary focusing specifically on industrial location issues. ~ Raw material 1 / SUGGESTED FURTHER R EADING 6 tons 0 .25 ton Materia/Index Website o flhe 7hiinen !-Jociety, North American Division. 7he is 'dedicated to the preseriJation o f the works, both , Heinrich von Ihunen' and the website has numerous links to resources on 7hunen, his lifo a nd ideas, a nd to the 7hunen museum a t 1ellow in 35...
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