Intellectual Property - Intellectual property U N I V E R...

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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A A L B E R T A Intellectual property
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OVERVIEW What is Intellectual Property Ethics Domestic vs. International Types of Intellectual Property Copyright Patents Trademarks Industrial Designs Trade Secrets International Treaties Licensing
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A DEFINITION Defined: an ownership interest in useful information or knowledge Ideas as property The nature of ideas The economics of ideas
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A DEFINITION Intangible property - 'property of the mind' (as distinct from real property and personal property) Deemed worthy of protection and exclusion Capable of ownership Period of exclusion followed by public property Idea vs. expression of idea
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A Nature of Ideas Exclusive possession Enjoyment while prohibiting use by others Easy with respect to tangible goods (e.g. Cars) Difficult with respect to information (e.g. Ideas) Non-exclusive possession One’s enjoyment does not diminish another’s (“non-rivalrous”) Natural occurrence for information and ideas
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A ECONOMICS OF IDEAS Natural scarcity Naturally occurs when demand exceeds supply Artificial scarcity IP law creates market for information Reduces supply of information Increases value of information-based assets Provides incentives to create ideas
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A ETHICS What should be allowed Distinction Patents controversial Generic drugs Trademarks partially controversial Copyrights least controversial Monetary Incentive vs. monopoly Should poor be denied access?
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A MUNICIPAL VS. INTERNATIONAL Role of municipal law Creates intellectual property rights Establishes rules for transferring intellectual property rights Role of international law Establishes guidelines for the uniform definition and protection of intellectual property Makes it easier for owners to acquire rights in different countries Done through treaties
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A MUNICIPAL VS. INTERNATIONAL General Rule IP rights are created and enforced locally Jurisdictional matter Must enforce in place where infringement is taking place Rights granted in Canada (patent, trademark, copyright) can be enforced only in Canada, its territories, and its possessions Outside Canada protection is available through international treaties or foreign intellectual property laws Treaties establish minimum standards for protection, but individual country laws and practices differ
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U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R T A TYPES OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Copyright A form of protection provided to authors of
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Intellectual Property - Intellectual property U N I V E R...

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