Name: Rachel Dickinson Period: 3 Date: 1/31/2020Unit 6 - 19th Century Imperialism in Africa & AsiaEssential Question: What were the causes and long-term effects of European imperialism in Africa and Asiaduring the 19th century?Crash Course World History VideoQuestions: 1.In the 19thcentury, why did Europe have to still use silver in trade with China?Europe didn’t produce anything China wanted.2.What did the Europeans find the Chinese were interested in trading for that eliminated China’s favorable balance of trade?Opium3.How did the Chinese respond?They thought it was un unfair trade practice4.How did the British respond? What were the terms of the Treaty of Nanjing?Britain got Hong Kong and five other treaty ports, as well as the equivalent of two billion dollarsin cash. Also, the Chinese basically gave up all sovereignty to European spheres of influence, wherein Europeans were subject to their laws, not Chinese laws.Africa:5.Why did Europeans want colonies?Industrialization6.Why weren’t the Europeans able to penetrate the interior of Africa until the late 19thcentury? (give at least 3 reasons)Reason 1: Reason 2: Reason 3: Disease that killed soldiers Disease that killed horses African people also had swords and spears 7.What changed?Europeans became more technologically advanced8.How was Europe able to dominate Africa? First, steam ships made it possible for Europeans to travel inland, bringing supplies and personnel via Africa's navigable rivers. Even more important was quinine medicine, sometimesin the form of tonic water, mixed into refreshing quintessentially British gin and tonics.