SOCY1000 Sociology-backman-test4-09sp

SOCY1000 Sociology-backman-test4-09sp - Kari l)6 HO ft lb...

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Unformatted text preview: ' Kari l )6} HO} ft; lb}; SOCYIOOO Sociology: Global Perspective. Professor Backman. Test 4. 11am section. April 24, 2009. lg/TPF According to the Demographer's Estimating Equation, the population now equals the p pu‘ ' ' births between now and the earlier time minus ime plus the number of in-mi grants between -migrants between now and the earlier time. .141 2. lT ‘F The population of the United States is about 400 million. F Many people (millions and millions one’dollar a day or less. ) in the world live on the purchasing equivalent of 4. T {F3 Women cannot be a minorit r y group in the United States because there are more women in the US than men. 5ij F According to the text, black women of marrying age in the US face a shortage of black men, while, generally speaking, Hispanic women in the US do not. 6. Accordin to Marx, the driving source of human social histo is great leaders. 8 W 7. T\i F The growth of larg e industrial cities was only possible because of the modernization of agriculture. 8. T @lFor many years the average commuting time to work for Americans has been 15 minutes each way. F There is no nation in the world today with even an approximately egalitarian (that is, equal) distribution of income. twenty—first century. 1 I. T®Constrictive population structures are typical of underdeveloped countries. century, people 12. Tngntil the introduction of oral contraceptives (the pill) in the mid 20‘h / ntrol fertility. were n very interested in controlling fertility, and they had little ability to co 1 21. What are the most important demographic events? a. marriage, birth, death d. birth, death, gender birth, death, migration e. marriage, migration, birth c. morbidity, gender, divorce 22. ,The population of the world is now wove:- 6 billion d. over 8 billion 7b.. nearly 5 billion e. 3 billion c. 2 billion 23. The person famous for discussing the problem that, if unchecked, populations can grow faster than can the ability to feed people is a. Durkheim d. Hollerith b: Deming e. Spencer (6,) Malthus 24. The Domesday Book is an early example of a sample d. baby boom lb) census e. baby echo c. population cohort 25. The term introduced by Tbnnies used to refer to the qualities of life in small cohesive communities is (inorganic solidarity d. Verstehen /. b! Gemeinschaft e. Soziologie c. Geseilschafi 26. In a society characterized by an oversupply of men, women will have more power in a two- member group. This is known as a. the gender power ratio dyadic power b. structural power 7e. triadic power c. infanticide 27. Presently of married women in the US. with children under age 6 are working full time outside the home. a. less than 10% over 60% b. between 25% and 33% I e. over 95% c. almost 50% 28. The "American Dilemma” refers to the 3. increasing prevalence of Spanish in the US b. religious conflict between Catholics and Protestants 5:. unwillingness of immigrants to assimilate dominant U.S. culture , i ( contradiction between democratic ideals and racist practices "e. ambivalence immigrants feel about adopting the culture of their new surroundings 36. What did Prof. Backman sa South in 1960? 3. There were separate gas stations for white and black drivers b. Black drivers were not allowed to buy premium gasoline (called c. There was no place for blacks to go to the bathroom fd.)l‘here were always at least three bathrooms, often four ‘e. White drivers were served by station attendants; black drivers had to f: y was distinctive about the gas stations he encountered in the "ethyl" in those days) ll their own tanks 37. The major tactic employed by the Montgomery change was a. voter registration. b. neighborhood integration c. newspaper propaganda nonviolent protest Improvement Association to bring about movements according to McAdams. This concept is known as a. biographical availability b. social movement registration. c. political availability. d. voluntary preference. 39. "Synthesis" in the Marx/Hegelian dialectic refers to a. the ideal way to do things b. the current way of doing things c. a garden of opportunities dI/‘a way of doing things that emerges from the conflict of the current way of doing things and the forces of opposition it generates e. a way of doing things that emerges in opposition to the current dominant way of doing things 40. According to the Creaming Principle, 3. people with power tend to feel a res b. except for the middle class, them c. groups tend to maintain a supply of surplus “goodies” pegpie the group may accidentally harm (d. jactors with the greatest resources are best able to t e. ’ more talented people have more " ponsibility to use their power for everyone’s benefit people tend to be pretty confiised about the systems that enmesh that they can use to compensate ake advantage of opportunities goodies" because you get what you work for 41. Marco Polo brought the noodle from China to Italy. This is an example of a. population change as a source of social change I. iffusion b. innovation 6. invention c. ecological change as a source of social change 49. Which of the following is most likely to have a centralized downtown (assume they are all equally large in population)? . Anaheim, California d. Phoenix, Arizona Baltimore, Maryland e. Sacramento, California c. Denver, Colorado 50. In her study of workers in Toronto, Erickson found that the primary common topic of conversation at work was a. children dbsponts b. food e. television shows c. politics 51. Feeding America is ' a. a program of the US. Department of Agriculture that collects leftover food from growers, food distributors, and grocery stores and distributes it to food banks in the United States for eventual distribution to hungry people b. a program of the US. Department of Agriculture that collects leftover food from growers, food distributors, and grocery stores and sends it to less—developed countries for distribution to hungry people ‘ (“cila nongovernmental organization that collects leftover food from growers, food distributors, arid grocery stores and distributes it to food banks in the United States for eventual distribution to hungry people 52. Which of the following illustrates the pattern of intergroup relations known as pluralism? a. the Trail of Tears b. affirmative action c. the deaths of large fractions of the natives of North and South America following the arrival of Europeans d. Hitler’s “final solution,” the Holocaust (cine relations between German-, French-, and Italian—speaking citizens of Switzerland 53. “From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs” is a. the working the system principle b. the fair and square principle Weber’s description of life in the Weberian utopia deMarx 5 description of life in the communist utopia e. Porter’s conclusion about stratification in Canada ...
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