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Unformatted text preview: LECTURE 11 OUTLINES LECTURE 11: THE CITY aNNOUCEMENTS:-The Midterm will cover material through this week of the course. -There will be three slide comparisons. -This week in section will be a midterm review. -There will be three slide comparisons-It will not cover Constructivism (next Monday’s lecture) Outline: Introduction:-This week’s lectures will be about photography and social reform-We are bridging the 19th and 20th century in today’s lecture, but with this comes a technological shift. -In the late 19th century, photography went from professional production and popular consumption to both popular production and consumption.-From the 1850s to the 1870s the collodian wet plate process was used, but this was a very difficult process.-Although photography was a popular medium during the 19th century, in truth relative to the future, the number of people who could handle photography was relatively small.-Around 1880 commercial dry plates became available. Part of what made the collodian wet plate process less widely utilized was because it was difficult to use and it was technologically demanding. It required you mix a solution and put onto the plate and make sure that it the plate was evenly coated. (Look up actual process in a Guide to Technical Terms)- The Kodak Moment-Popularization-In 1880s there was development of roll film (spool-wound photographic film that was protected from white light exposure by a paper backing) that would made it easier to do photography.-George Eastman of New York devised the first workable role of film in 1888. The first Kodak camera was issued the slogan “you push the button and we do the rest,” which exemplifies the ease that was introduced by this new technology.-When it was initially released, the camera included film for 100 photographs. And once you had taken 100 photographs, you would send the whole camera back to Kodak. They would develop it. And, they would give you another 100 films inside the camera. -In 1889 Kodak developed a way that allowed consumers to change the film themselves once they took 100 photographs. But, you had to change the film in a dark room.-In 1891 Kodak developed a type of film that didn’t require you to go to a dark room to change the film because the film was covered and therefore the spool could be exposed to light without becoming damaged. -By the end of 1889, the Times ran a column each week on photography. This exemplifies an even larger increase in popularity for photography.-During this time period, Eastman coined the term “snapshot.” He got the word from hunting terminology, which used the word snapshot when referring to instances in which you spontaneously aim and shoot your gun. So, the term snapshot had a connotation of great easiness, and it was this ease that allowed this technological advance to become so popular....
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HAA Lit B-24 taught by Professor Kelsey during the Spring '08 term at Harvard.
- Spring '08