Vocabulary for Background to the Study of Religion Rev Aug 30 05

Vocabulary for Background to the Study of Religion Rev Aug 30 05

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UNDERSTANDING THE WORLD’S RELIGIOUS HERITAGE 23 Vocabulary for Background to the Study of Religion Agnosticism Means not - know - ism . As originated by Thomas Huxley, the term refers to his view that we cannot know whether G-d does or does not exist. This view is not necessarily incompatable with belief in G-d, although Huxley counseled suspension of belief. In some contexts it means simply that the speaker claims that he or she does not know whether G-d exists, and neither believes nor disbelieves, but does not deny that others may know. Animism A worldview common among oral/archaic religions that sees all elements of nature – trees, mountains, rivers, animals, etc. as having spirits or being filled with spirits Atheisim The assertion that there is no G-d. Canon The officially acknowledged scriptures of a literate religion. May be “open” or “closes” – that is it may accept new writings as possibly authoritative or not. Celibacy : State of being unmarried and abstaining from sexual relations. Circumcision a) male circumcision removal lof the foreskin of the penis. Note subincistion is a more mutilating ritual operation on the penis b) female circumcision (also referred to us female genital mutilation). .. Circumambulation Walking around e.g. a sacred object Conditioned reality Reality as we ordinarily experience it, limited and constrained by space. time, and the patterns of thought and feeling that shape our response to it. Cultus: A particular form of worship or devotion. Deism : Derived from the Latin word deus (G-d). Refers to the specific view that G-d is creator of the world but has no ongoing involvement with the world and does not intervene in the natural order. Some interpreters of the cosmological argument have concluded that the deistic conception of G-d is all that the argument can prove. Devotionalism Emphasis on deeply felt prayer and meditation. Doctrine The teachings of a religion Dualism Any explanation offered in terms of two equal but opposed powers, principles, or beings. Cosmological dualism holds that G-d and the world are entirely seperate. This position was held by the Indian philosopher Madhva. b)Metaphysical dualism is that of body and soul or matter and spirit are entirely seperate types of being c)Theological dualism holds that there are two equal but opposed deities, one evil and one good. Such a view is found in Zoroastrian religion. Ecstasy:
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Vocabulary for Background to the Study of Religion Rev Aug 30 05

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