Unformatted text preview: ent data also place new constraints on the change processes posited by any theory of behavior-induced attitude change.
Self-perception theory and cognitive dissonance theory have depended
on both explicit memory and conscious processing to differing degrees in their explanations of attitude change. Although the current
data do not address either theory’s general viability, they do suggest
that the processing components of these theories need clearer speciﬁcation. Future research integrating the methods of neuroscience into
social cognition should yield clearer speciﬁcation of these processes
(Lieberman, 2000; Ochsner & Lieberman, 2000). Acknowledgments—It is a pleasure to thank Paula Koseff, Michelle
Woodbury, and Annapurna Duleep for their contributions. This research
was supported in part by McDonnell-Pew grants to Matthew Lieberman
(JSMF 99-25 CN-QUA.05) and Kevin Ochsner (JSMF 98-23 CMQUA.04), National Institute of Mental Health Grant No. RO1-MH56075 to
Daniel Gilbert, and National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Center Grant No. NS26985 awarded to Boston University. 139 VOL. 12, NO. 2, MARCH 2001
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