o amnesics exhibit cognitive dissonance reduction?

Although the current data do not address either

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Unformatted text preview: ent data also place new constraints on the change processes posited by any theory of behavior-induced attitude change. Self-perception theory and cognitive dissonance theory have depended on both explicit memory and conscious processing to differing degrees in their explanations of attitude change. Although the current data do not address either theory’s general viability, they do suggest that the processing components of these theories need clearer specification. Future research integrating the methods of neuroscience into social cognition should yield clearer specification of these processes (Lieberman, 2000; Ochsner & Lieberman, 2000). Acknowledgments—It is a pleasure to thank Paula Koseff, Michelle Woodbury, and Annapurna Duleep for their contributions. This research was supported in part by McDonnell-Pew grants to Matthew Lieberman (JSMF 99-25 CN-QUA.05) and Kevin Ochsner (JSMF 98-23 CMQUA.04), National Institute of Mental Health Grant No. RO1-MH56075 to Daniel Gilbert, and National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Center Grant No. NS26985 awarded to Boston University. 139 VOL. 12, NO. 2, MARCH 2001 Downloaded from pss.sagepub.com at COLUMBIA UNIV on April 18, 2013 PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Attitude Change in Amnesics REFERENCES Aesop. (1961). Aesop without morals: The famous fables and a life of Aesop (L.W. Daly, ed. & trans.). New York: Barnes and Co. Asch, S.E. (1956). Studies of independence and conformity: A minority of one against a unanimous majority. Psychological Monographs, 7(9, Whole No. 416). Baddeley, A. (1986). Working memory. New York: Oxford University Press. Bargh, J.A. (1989). Conditional automaticity: Varieties of automatic influence in social perception and cognition. In J.S. Uleman & J.A. Bargh (Eds.), Unintended thought (pp. 3–51). New York: Guilford Press. Bargh, J.A., & Tota, M.E. (1988). Context-dependent automatic processing in depression: Accessibility of negative constructs with regard to self but not others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 925–939. Bem, D.J. (1965). An experimental analysis of self-persuasion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1, 199–218. Brehm, J.W. (1956). Post-decision changes in the desirability of alternatives. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 52, 384–389. Brehm, J.W., & Cohen, A.R. (1962). Explorations in cognitive dissonance. New York: Wiley. Brock, T.C., & Grant, L.D. (1963). Dissonance, awareness and motivation. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 53–60. Chaiken, S., Liberman, A., & Eagly, A.H. (1989). Heuristic and systematic information processing within and beyond the persuasion context. In J.S. Uleman & J.A. Bargh (Eds.), Unintended thought (pp. 212–252). New York: Guilford Press. Elliot, A.J., & Devine, P.G. (1994). On the motivational nature of cognitive dissonance: Dissonance as psychological discomfort. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 382–394. Festinger, L. (1957). A theory of cognitive dissonanc...
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