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BIO 184 HW #5.docx - 1. The synthesis of a protein using...

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1.The synthesis of a protein using the sequence of codons in a messenger RNAis called__translation__2.When a protein-encoding gene is transcribed, the product is called _messenger__RNA.3.To explain why patients had a buildup of the urine-darkening metabolitehomogentisic acid, Archibald Garrod proposed that they were lacking___anenzyme that would metabolize homogentisic acid_____.4.In experiments where Beadle and Tatum were able to deduce the steps in abiochemical pathway, they concluded that a single gene controlled thesynthesis of a__single enzyme__.5.A set of three-letter combinations of nucleotides called codons, each of whichcorresponds to a specific amino acid, represents the___ genetic code ____.6.At the ribosome, tRNA anticodons recognize mRNA codons to produce aprotein through the process of__ translation ___.7.A series of three nucleotide bases that specifies the insertion of a particularamino acid into a polypeptide chain is a____ sense codon ____.8.Which type of RNA is transcribed from a protein-encoding gene?_____messenger RNA ______.9.The amino acids that are sometimes referred to as the twenty-first andtwenty-second amino acids are called___Selenocysteine (Sec)___and__pyrrolysine (Pyl)___.

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Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
RNA, Transfer RNA

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