Critical Thinking Test 2Spring 2021Prof. StanlandPart I: Identify the following fallacies of relevance and causal fallacies. Choose from: posthoc ergo propterhoc, slippery slope, appeal to authority, appeal to tradition, bandwagon, appeal to pity, appeal to fear,appeal to ignorance, begging the question, straw man, red herring, ad hominum (appeal to personal attack):_______________________________ 1. My reply to your argument about fair voting practices is that your facelooks really ugly when you’re angry.________________________________2. My strategy to rebuild the Buckingham Theatre is the only one that willwork, because no one has come up with another plan._______________________________ 3. She responded to his statement that requiring people to show picture IDsin order to vote was unfair to inner city dwellers who did not drive, by pointing out that democrats could not winanyway because they did not have an electable candidate._______________________________ 4. The unemployment rate is so high because there are so many morewomen in the workplace than there have ever been. If women stayed home, as they have for thousands of years,there would be plenty of work for men. Clearly, women should return to housework._______________________________ 5. When people take of their face masks, cases of COVID rise dramatically,so not wearing a facemask is obviously the cause of COVID.________________________________6. Congressman Walker’s discussion was a subtle dissection of the ways inwhich China and its allies are both taking advantage of and provoking the United States. Someone in the audiencestood up and said, “So you want to go to war?”Part II: Identify whether the method each of the following represents theoretical or experimental science:_____________________________7. In ancient Greece, Pliny the Elder made careful observations of thetides in relationships to the phases of the moon in order to confirm Seleucus’s hypothesis that the moonexerted an influence on the waters of the earth._____________________________8. Plato hypothesized that the substance that was required to turn othermetals into gold was a kind of basic or fundamental matter (often referred to as the philosopher’s stone) out ofwhich all material things are created.Part III: Mill’s Methods:a)CREATE A CHARTto depict the following situation;b)state whether a correlation/possible cause can be best identified using the method of agreement ordifference;c)State one thing you might find, on further investigation, that would weaken the likelihood of theproposed cause;d)State one thing you might find, on further investigation, that would strengthen the likelihood of theproposed cause.