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Unformatted text preview: ww.theg uar dian.com/science/blog /2010/nov/03/million- dollar s- maths- r iemann- hypothesis 1/4 9/2/13 Win a million dollar s with maths, No. 1: The Riemann Hypothesis | M att Par ker | Science | theg uar dian.com numbers. Prime numbers in mathematics are like atoms in chemistry , bricks in the
construction industry and ludicrous pay cheques in professional football. Ev ery thing is
built up from these fundamental units and y ou can inv estigate the integrity of something
by taking a close look at the units from which it is made. T o inv estigate how a number
behav es y ou look at its prime factors, for ex ample 63 is 3 x 3 x 7. Primes do not hav e
factors: they are as simple as numbers get.
T hey are simple in this one respect – but are otherwise ex tremely enigmatic and slip
away just when y ou think y ou hav e a grip on them. Part of the problem is that, by
definition, they hav e no factors, which is normally the first foothold in inv estigating a
number problem. T his is also the key to their usefulnes...
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This document was uploaded on 01/26/2014.
- Winter '13