Lecture 4 - Human Geographies Society Culture Geographic...

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Human Geographies: Society & Culture Geographic Tools: The Map – Sept 17, 2013 Geographic Tools: The Map Social & Cultural Interpretations Dr. Michael Mercier Human Geographies: Society & Culture
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Human Geographies: Society & Culture Geographic Tools: The Map – Sept 17, 2013 Lecture Outline Introduction – what are maps? Telling Lies via Maps Social & Cultural History of Maps & Mapping Key Considerations for Producing & Understanding Maps Scale Perspective Map Types Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Summary/Conclusion Readings: Ch. 2 (pp. 64-72)
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Human Geographies: Society & Culture Geographic Tools: The Map – Sept 17, 2013 Introduction Maps are two-dimensional graphical representations of the world, and depict spatial relationships 2D representation of a 3D sphere Maps: communicate information (where roads might be) Maps: tools in the analysis of spatial information Through maps we explain spatial info.
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Human Geographies: Society & Culture Geographic Tools: The Map – Sept 17, 2013 Introduction Maps: socially constructed - Maps reflect the power of the people that draw them. Cartographer = map maker, can tell stories, obscure all stories Ex: in the pic is a lie map, Antarctica is not part of Argentina. Read maps with a critical eye : who made it & what are they trying to say.
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Human Geographies: Society & Culture Geographic Tools: The Map – Sept 17, 2013 Telling Lies via Maps Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics How to Lie With Maps (M. Monmonier, 1996) - With a map a cartographer can tell all lies. - Small scale maps, lines, area features - White lies vs. Big lies - Critical eye Lines: simplify what is actually happening, ex: roads don’t show every single corner Areal features: A map is a simplified version of the world.
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Human Geographies: Society & Culture Geographic Tools: The Map – Sept 17, 2013 Social & Cultural History of Maps & Mapping Solving Spatial Problems : e.g. pictographs (cave drawings). - Cave used to show where the most fertile hunting ground is. Depiction of hunting grounds to show the location.
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Human Geographies: Society & Culture Geographic Tools: The Map – Sept 17, 2013 Social & Cultural History of Maps & Mapping Solving Spatial Problems : e.g. Navigational Map
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Lecture 4 - Human Geographies Society Culture Geographic...

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