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01_Introduction and Research Methods

M the decits of a neglected child 12 analogy for human

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Unformatted text preview: does on a task 10   Cannot infer causation   Simply measure variables of interest   Nature of relationship   Positive Correlation   Negative Correlation   Strength of relationship   Determined by size of “r”   An examination of the relationship between confidence and accuracy of eyewitnesses   What do you think the relationship is? Positive? Negative? Strong? Weak? It is not a strong positive correlation! Many studies indicate that high confidence does not mean high accuracy.   Postmortem studies   Examine the cortex of dyslexics after death   Brain damaged individuals and their deficits   Study amnesiacs with hippocampus damage   Monitor a participant doing a cognitive task   Measure brain activity while a participant is reciting a poem 11   Verbal Protocol   Participants describe their conscious thoughts while solving a story problem   Diary Study   Participants keep track of memory failures   Observe behavior as people are acting in an environment   Monitor decision making of pilots during flights   Intensive studies of individuals   May examine archival records, interviews, direct observation, or participant ­observations ▪  Creativity of successful individuals ▪  H.M. ▪  The deficits of a neglected child 12   Analogy for human Cognition   The sequence of symbol manipulation that underlies thinking   The goal: discovery of the programs in humans’ memory   Computer simulations of Arti...
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