01_Introduction and Research Methods

Structuralism study component parts of cognition

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Unformatted text preview: ‘Epistemology’  ­ study of the nature of knowledge   Philosophical roots   Rationalism  ­ Plato, Descartes   Empiricism  ­ Aristotle, Locke   Synthesis of Rationalism & Empiricism  ­ Kant Throw in a little pseudoscience   Phrenology 4 Early experimental psychology   Structuralism   Study  ­ component parts of cognition   Method  ­ introspection   Functionalism   Study  ­ how we process information and why   Methods  ­ varied   Gestalt   The whole is greater than the sum of its parts   Stop trying to pick cognition apart into tiny pieces   Study whole phenomena   Behaviorism   Stop talking about mental processes!   Study only observable behaviors   Development of laws of conditioning   Classical conditioning ▪  Watson   Operant conditioning ▪  Skinner 5 Behaviorism (The Hard ­Core Version)  ­ meets its Waterloo   Some processes cannot be accounted for through only stimulus  ­> response relationships Behaviorism (The Hard ­Core Version)  ­ meets its Waterloo   Some processes cannot be accounted for through only stimulus  ­> response relationships   Language (Chomsky) Behaviorism (The Hard ­Core Version)  ­ meets its Waterloo   Some processes cannot be accounted for through only stimulus  ­...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2014 for the course PSYCH 228 taught by Professor Broaders during the Winter '11 term at Northwestern.

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