01_Introduction and Research Methods

Passive recipients of knowledge and experience 8 1 2

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Unformatted text preview: y use Vigilance problems  ­ performance decrements across time 7 Behaviorism  ­ contributions to the field   Experimental rigor   Classical & operant conditioning ARE important principles   Experimental design The ‘Cognitive Revolution’ begins     Hixon Symposium  ­ 1948 @ Cal Tech 3 key papers   Von Neumann  ­ computer and the brain   McCulloch  ­ logical devices and the brain ▪  (1st neural network)   Lashley  ­ behaviorism can’t account for rapid serial behavior ▪  Language ▪  Motor behaviors like playing an instrument or playing tennis Major assumptions 1.    2.    3.    Mental processes exist (vs. behaviorist perspective) Mental processes can be studied scientifically (vs. subjectivity of introspective method) People are active information processors (vs. passive recipients of knowledge and experience) 8 1.  2.  Nature vs. nurture Rationalism vs. empiricism Mind  ­ ­> World OR World  ­ ­> Mind 3.  4.  5.  6.  Structures vs. processes Domain generality vs. domain specificity (modularity) Nature of mental representation Nature of processing: serial vs. parallel Validity of causal inferences vs. ecological validity 8.  Applied vs. basic research 9.  Biological vs. behavioral methods 10.  Conscio...
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