Episodic memory personally experienced events or

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Unformatted text preview: ed   Need to recall order as well as item names   Recognition   Recognition is generally better than recall   Exception: Recognition failure   Watkins & Tulving (1975) 18 1) List 1 presented Cued recall of List 1 badge- button badge- ? 2) List 2 presented Cued recall of List 2 preach- rant preach- ? 3) List 3 presented glue- chair 4) Free association stimuli Free association responses table table- chair, cloth, desk 5) Recognition test desk top chair 6) Cued recall of List 3 glue- ?   Recollection depends on interaction between properties of encoding and retrieval   More similar encoding and retrieval contexts = greater likelihood of retrieval   Light & Carter- Sobel (1970) study   Presented participants with target words in sentences ▪  E.g. Harry was caught in a terrible traffic JAM   Recognition test: ▪  Target words presented alone ▪  Target words presented with same adjectives as in study condition ▪  E.g. Traffic JAM ▪  Target words presented with different adjectives ▪  E.G. Strawberry JAM 19   Light & Carter- Sobell   Target presented alone   Target presented with same context as encoding condition   Target presented with different adjective that changed meaning of noun   (Target presented with different adjective that didn’t change meaning of noun) Godden & Baddeley’s (1975) scuba diving study   Students learned words on land or underwater   Tested for recall on land or underwater   Four conditions:   Match conditions ▪  Study on land, recall on land ▪  Study underwater, recall underwater   Mismatch c...
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