05_Memory_Whole_Edit

Hyde jenkins 1973 study depth of processing study with

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Unformatted text preview: ▪  Recognition test ▪  Semantically related and unrelated distracters ▪  Higher false alarm rates for semantically related distracters than for unrelated distracters   Flexibility in the way that we store information in LTM though   Description of how one thinks about material at encoding   Levels of Processing framework ▪  (Craik & Lockhart, 1972)   Shallow - surface characteristics   Deep - semantic involvement   Deeper the level of processing = more material will be remembered   Deeper processing = more semantically involved   Participants were given a list of words and asked to use one of three strategies: physical, acoustic, or semantic For the word CAT   Physical level: Is the word written in capital letters?   Acoustic level: Does the word rhyme with “hat”?   Semantic level: Is the word a kind of mammal?   The deeper the level of processing encouraged by the question, the higher the level of recall achieved 14     Description of how one thinks about material at encoding Levels of Processing framework ▪  (Craik & Lockhart, 1972)   Shallow - surface characteristics   Deep - semantic involvement   Deeper the level of processing = more material will be remembered   Deeper processing = more semantically involved   Self- reference effect Level of Processing Physical/Structural Question Acoustic/Phonemic Does it rhyme with money? Semantic 1 Is it an adjective? Semantic 2 How positive is the word? Self-Referencing Does it describe you? Is it in capital letters? Elaboration - relate new material to what one already knows   Has to be relevant to what is to be remembered     Isaac Newton became emotionally...
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