07_ Knowledge_Represent_Org

Fortunately even novel things are usually similar to

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Unformatted text preview: To store the past   To make sense of the present   To plan for the future We seldom eat the same tomato twice, and we often encounter novel objects, people, and situations. Fortunately, even novel things are usually similar to things we already know, often exemplifying a category that we are familiar with. Although I’ve never seen this particular tomato before, it is probably like other tomatoes I have eaten and so is edible…Concepts are a kind of mental glue, then, in that they tie our past experiences to our present interactions with the world.   Gregory Murphy, The Big Book of Concepts 4   Help us to act in the world in a meaningful way   Help us to interpret the world   Inferences/reasoning   “Theories about the basis of natural order, not dull catalogues compiled only to avoid chaos.”   Steven Jay Gould   “[T]o categorize is to render discriminably different things equivalent, to group objects and events and people around us into classes, and to respond to them in terms of their class membership rather than their uniqueness.”   Jerome Bruner                             Those that belong to the Emperor Embalmed ones Those that are trained Suckling pigs Mermaids Fabulous ones Stray dogs Those that are in...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2014 for the course PSYCH 228 taught by Professor Broaders during the Winter '11 term at Northwestern.

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