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Unformatted text preview: l resources, the city continues to strategically link its
growth to the former naval base, currently a Freeport zone. Population
According to the 1995 census, Olongapo City had a population of 179,754 and an
annual growth rate of 2.1 percent. The City had total 38,904 households with an average
household size of 4.6 persons. Olongapo observed a decreasing growth rate between 1990
and 1995, after the closing of the base in 1992. The population density of the City is 12.4
persons per hectare while the urban density of the city varies greatly between 723 and 8
persons per hectare, with an average density of 96 persons per hectare. The City has a large
young population; 25 percent are below 15 years, while 45 percent are below 19 years of age.
The city has a 98 percent literacy rate compared to the national average of 95 percent (World
Bank, 1999). The family median income in Olongapo is 28,029 pesos (US 701 dollars)
compared to the 20,480 pesos (US 512 dollars) average median income for the Philippines
(US 1 dollar = 40 pesos). Employment
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- Winter '13