SG#2_Learning - DEFINITIONS: Learning - "relatively...

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DEFINITIONS: Learning -- ”relatively permanent” change in behavior brought about by experience or practice. Classical conditioning learning to make a reflex response to a stimulus other then the original, natural stimulus that normally produces the reflex. Concepts of Classical Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus UCS – a naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary response. Unconditioned Response UCR an involuntary response to a naturally occurring or unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Stimulus CS stimulus that becomes able to produce a learned reflex response. Neutral Stimulus NS Stimulus that has no effect on the desired response. Conditioned Response CR learned reflex response to a conditioned stimulus. Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning Experiment NS the dog UCS the meat powder CS the bell dog salivating Before: NS Nothing During: CR UCS UCR After: CS CR Little Albert ; CER Conditioned Emotional Response CER – emotional response that has become classically conditioned to occur to learned stimuli, such as fear of dogs or the emotional reaction that occurs when seeing an attractive person. UCS loud noise UCR fear of the loud noise CS the white rat CR the fear of the rat (the phobia)
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DEFINITIONS: Conditioned Taste Aversion - development of nausea of evasive response to a particular taste because that taste was followed by a nauseas reaction, occurring after only one association. Operant Conditioning - A process of behavior modification in which the likelihood of a specific behavior is increased or decreased through positive or negative reinforcement each time the behavior is exhibited, so that the subject comes to associate the pleasure or displeasure of the reinforcement with the behavior. Schedules of Reinforcement Continuous Reinforcement - in continuous reinforcement, the desired behavior is reinforced every single time it occurs. Generally, this schedule is best used during the initial stages of learning in order to create a strong association between the behavior and the response. Once the response if firmly attached, reinforcement is usually switched to a partial reinforcement schedule. Partial Reinforcement
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SG#2_Learning - DEFINITIONS: Learning - "relatively...

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