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2 3 4 5 6 63 location downtown suburbans morphology

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Unformatted text preview: e small Size of stores small large Order of goods sold low high Spacing of the stores and centers closely widely Frequency of visits by consumers frequently infrequently Distance traveled by consumers short long Note: : in the exam answer, we should put it into a paragraph, rather than a table Diversity of Characteristics 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 6.3 location (downtown /suburbans) morphology (e.g. strips, centers) ownership (retail chain vs. independent stores) planneed/unplanned function (specialized/general) market focus (e.g. upscale, ethnic) Retail Concentration Many actors but few concentrations (concentrations on retailer, location) • • • • • • • • • Many people/organization involve in retail Very few actually command most of the market More international retail A few major urban regions have most sales (4 urban regions in Canada: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Calgary) A few major cities have most retail chain headquarters (Canada: Toronto and Montreal) A few locations in cities command most sales There are many retailers but relatively few of them command most sales (Canadian experience) Most retailers are independent, but most sales are from retail chains Retail chains are numerous but a relative small number of large chains command most sales Locational Strategies • international • regional • local c D. Wang & C.Zhao, 2006 12 6 THE GEOGRAPHY OF SUPPLY: RETAIL In Canada, still a strong regional flavor • • • • • • most suburban close to US border very focused/concentrated at southern part of Canada regionally distinct (Quebec) logistically, BC very far from Maritimes, distributing more difficult North-South extension makes more sense Calgary & BC separated by travel time because of Rockies Internationalization • • • • growth of retail Trans-Natioanl Cooperation (TNC) IKEA, Wal-mart, Tesco (UK), Carrefour(France) acquisitions, take-over ↑ looking for market abroad Fewer Larger Retailers Expansion: • organic...
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