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History and Context of Human Rights Human rights were at one time considered solely a domestic issue Reacting to the sheer inhumanity of this, the UN issued the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 (see table 4.1 on pg. 95) this philosophy allowed the Holocaust to flourish in Europe While no country vetoes this, there were many abstentions; at issue were individual vs communal/societal rights However, the theory of national sovereignty becomes an obstacle to enforcing the Declaration What ‘rights’ might we oppose?
July, 2002 saw the creation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) designed to strengthen enforcement measures for HR’s violations (war crimes, genocide, etc.) History and Context of Human Rights
History and Context of Human Rights
(cont’d.) However, the US has rejected the ICC’s authority, diminishing its ability (and by extension the UN’s) to enforce its rulings
Why would the US be against an institution such as this?
NonGovernmental Organizations (NGO’s) begin to develop, taking a more active role in the identification and alleviation of HR’s abuses
Simply ‘turning the tables’ does not represent change;
~ “The treatment of the guilty and the despised is the litmus test of human rights in society” The United States
The United States The US has its own questionable HR’s past
Human rights concerns...
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- Winter '12