UnitThree - APOSTOLIC WITNESS OF PAUL Role of the Apostles...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
APOSTOLIC WITNESS OF PAUL Role of the Apostles in the Early Church Christological Foundations of faith The need for continuity Apostles as Authoritative Witnesses Importance within canonical process & creeds “Apostolic content” vs. “Apostolic Authorship” The “Twelve” (Mt. 10:2; Mk 3:14; Lk 6:13; Acts 1:13) Core: Simon Peter, Andrew, James (son of Zebedee), John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (son of Alphaeus) Judas (Iscariot) Others: Judas, son of James (Lk & Acts); [[THROW OUT ; Thaddaeus (Mt & Mk); Simon, the All Palestinian Jews [[EXCEPT SIMON CANANAEAN]] All Called by Jesus to be “with him” Addition of Matthias (Acts 1:26) Criteria for Judas’ replacement With Jesus from Baptism of John Witness to Resurrected Christ o Other Apostles Junias and Andronicus (Rom. 16:7) Unnamed Apostles (1 Cor. 15:5) In Acts Doesn’t meet apostolic criteria Only one called an apostle (14:14) In Paul’s Letters “An apostle of untimely birth” (1 Cor. 15:8) Apostle to the Gentiles (1 Cor. 9; Gal. 2) Witness to the Resurrection o Called by Christ The Two Great Apostles o PETER -saint o In the Gospels Palestinian Fisherman (Rural) Married Leader of the Twelve First in the “disciple list” Inner circle of Peter, James & John Speaks most frequently in the gospels Great Confession (Mt. 16:16) o The “Rock” upon which the Church is Built o In the Acts of the Apostles
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Protagonist of the first half of Acts Speaks for the Apostles o In Early Christianity 1 & 2 Peter Legions of non-canonical documents Traditionally first Bishop of Rome (“Pope”) Martyred (crucified upside down) in Rome under Nero (64-65 CE) Became “Saint Peter” Non-canonical Books ascribed to or about Peter o Acts of Peter o Acts of Peter and Twelve Apostles o Apocalypse of Peter o Gospel of Peter o Letter of Peter to Philip o PAUL -apostle o In the Acts of the Apostles Non-Palestinian Jewish Leader Pharisee, strict observer of the Law Roman Citizen (urban & wealthy) Tent Maker (manual labor) Trained as a Rabbi & in Greek Rhetoric Converted by an encounter with Christ Protagonist of the second half of Acts “Witness” to Christ o In Paul’s Letters “Apostle to the Gentiles” Had seen the risen Christ Had been called to apostleship by Christ Former Pharisee & Persecutor of the church Missionary & Letter Writer Two or Three decades as missionary with visits to Corinth, Philippi, Rome, Ephesus, Colossae, Thessalonica, Galatia, etc. 13 Letters in NT
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 22

UnitThree - APOSTOLIC WITNESS OF PAUL Role of the Apostles...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online