UnitThree - APOSTOLIC WITNESS OF PAUL Role of the Apostles...

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APOSTOLIC WITNESS OF PAUL Role of the Apostles in the Early Church Christological Foundations of faith The need for continuity Apostles as Authoritative Witnesses Importance within canonical process & creeds “Apostolic content” vs. “Apostolic Authorship” The “Twelve” (Mt. 10:2; Mk 3:14; Lk 6:13; Acts 1:13) Core: Simon Peter, Andrew, James (son of Zebedee), John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (son of Alphaeus) Judas (Iscariot) Others: Judas, son of James (Lk & Acts); [[THROW OUT ; Thaddaeus (Mt & Mk); Simon, the All Palestinian Jews [[EXCEPT SIMON CANANAEAN]] All Called by Jesus to be “with him” Addition of Matthias (Acts 1:26) Criteria for Judas’ replacement With Jesus from Baptism of John Witness to Resurrected Christ o Other Apostles Junias and Andronicus (Rom. 16:7) Unnamed Apostles (1 Cor. 15:5) In Acts Doesn’t meet apostolic criteria Only one called an apostle (14:14) In Paul’s Letters “An apostle of untimely birth” (1 Cor. 15:8) Apostle to the Gentiles (1 Cor. 9; Gal. 2) Witness to the Resurrection o Called by Christ The Two Great Apostles o PETER -saint o In the Gospels Palestinian Fisherman (Rural) Married Leader of the Twelve First in the “disciple list” Inner circle of Peter, James & John Speaks most frequently in the gospels Great Confession (Mt. 16:16) o The “Rock” upon which the Church is Built o In the Acts of the Apostles
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Protagonist of the first half of Acts Speaks for the Apostles o In Early Christianity 1 & 2 Peter Legions of non-canonical documents Traditionally first Bishop of Rome (“Pope”) Martyred (crucified upside down) in Rome under Nero (64-65 CE) Became “Saint Peter” Non-canonical Books ascribed to or about Peter o Acts of Peter o Acts of Peter and Twelve Apostles o Apocalypse of Peter o Gospel of Peter o Letter of Peter to Philip o PAUL -apostle o In the Acts of the Apostles Non-Palestinian Jewish Leader Pharisee, strict observer of the Law Roman Citizen (urban & wealthy) Tent Maker (manual labor) Trained as a Rabbi & in Greek Rhetoric Converted by an encounter with Christ Protagonist of the second half of Acts “Witness” to Christ o In Paul’s Letters “Apostle to the Gentiles” Had seen the risen Christ Had been called to apostleship by Christ Former Pharisee & Persecutor of the church Missionary & Letter Writer Two or Three decades as missionary with visits to Corinth, Philippi, Rome, Ephesus, Colossae, Thessalonica, Galatia, etc. 13 Letters in NT
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UnitThree - APOSTOLIC WITNESS OF PAUL Role of the Apostles...

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