10.30 World Englishes and Language Acquisition

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Unformatted text preview: the linguists’ set of professional myths about language… Dropping it altogether may be too drastic Alternative ways of thinking needed Who is the best model, then? Nativization and Enlgishization Nativization and Enlgishization Nativization: refers to the adaptation of English in particular social­cultural settings, thereby providing for Indian or Singaporean English Englishization: refers to the manifest influences of English on other languages in a given repertoire: Chinglish, Hinglish, Japlish, Spanglish, etc. Quote from Raja Rao: We cannot write like the Enlgish, we should not… Code­mixing and switching Code­mixing and switching Changing from one language to another within sentences and across sentences In monolingual view: CM/CS unnecessary, even illogical World Englishes seeks to answer questions regarding not only how, but when, where, why, and with whom CM/CS occur Inter­language and World Englishes Inter­language and World Englishes Selinker first proposed the notion of Interlanguage (failed attempts to learn a language) In stable contexts of bi/multilingualism as in Ghana, Nigeria, India, where the non­ native variety is used in everyday life, Inter­language has no relevance In the US, English as a Second Language users are Inter­language users Selinker Selinker He calls Indian, Nigerian Englishes as ‘fossilized’ forms of historical prededents, results of imperfect learning Y. Kachru, Fossilization: It is irrelevant to situations in which additional language has definite societal roles in the linguistic repertoire of its users… In above cases, Englishes are as stable as British or American English Why SLA theories and World Why SLA theories and World Englishes do not connect Concerns and experiences of learners from Expanding and Outer circle have rarely been taken into account in constructing SLA theories Most created on Expanding Circle learners Above 2 groups invisible to SLA theorists...
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