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Even to this day his descendants govern saudi arabia

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Unformatted text preview: s as distorting pure Islam • Association with Muhammad al-Sa'ud, local prince ! Even to this day his descendants govern Saudi Arabia ! Granted political protection to the Wahhab movement ! Implemented 'pure' Islamic law in Saudi Arabia • Even to this day, enforcement of Islamic law is most stringent in Saudi Arabia Islam in the 20th century - There are many ways in which it is possible to discuss the attempt of the Muslim world to make sense of the development of the world, especially in its western form of consumerism tied to a secular ideology, and the desire to hold on to the core of Islamic teaching. -It is not possible to speak of a unified Muslim position in this respect, but rather of d ifferent – even conflicting – attitudes within the Muslim world Secularism -After the collapse of the Ottoman empire and caliphate in 1924, the new leader of Turkey was the secularist Mustafa Kemal (1881-1938), known as “Atatürk” (“the Turk”) -Since he perceived Islam to be responsible for the “backwardness” of Muslims in general, he abolished nearly everything that h ad to do with Islam as a religion and a way of life -In his view, what was needed was a secularized Islamic state in favour of a religious one -Atatürk introduced the following: --> Turkish constitution based on the Swiss constitution --> He rejected Islamic law --> He banned Sufi b rotherhoods --> He Latinized the Turkish language...
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