Psychology 280 Exam 1 Review Sheet
Chapter 1 / Introduction: social psych
Definition of Social Psychology
- the study of individual’s feelings, thought, and
behavior in a social situation.
How it differs from other disciplines (Personality Psychology, Sociology, etc)
Personality Psych- study of individual’s differences in behavior (traits.
Characteristics on their reaction)
Cognitive Psych- study of people’s perceive, think about, and
remember aspects of the world (memory for words)
Sociology- the study of behavior of people in the aggregate
( subgroups, institutions, mass movement, and change in demographic
Kurt Lewin-the founder of modern social psych
Field of forces- like behavior of people, like the behavior of object, is
always a function of field of forces in which they find themselves. The
person’s own attributes are important determiners of behavior; of course
these attributes always interact with the situation to produce the resulting
behavior. the role of situation, especially the social situation, in guiding
Channel factors- certain situational circumstances that appear unimportant
on the surface but that can have great consequences for behavior, either
facilitating or blocking it or guiding behavior in a particular direction.
- had an experiment were volunteers where assigned teacher role
and learner role. Even though the teachers wanted to stop administering the shock to the
learners whenever they made an error, the fact that the experimenter said that they should
continue continued doing it.
2) Darley and Batson study of Seminarians as Samaritans- Experiment by John Darley
and Daniel Batson, Seminarians were asked to deliver sermon, and asked to take a route
to get there easier. Some were told they had time, others were told they didn’t have time,
and that they were late and should hurry up. On their way, they all saw a sitting in a
doorway and had his head down while he was coughing and groaning. The Seminarians
were good Samaritans and helped the men, so long as they weren’t in a rush.
Fundamental Attribution Error
- the failure to recognize the importance of
situational influences on behavior, together with the tendency to overemphasize the
importance of dispositions or traits on behavior
- internal factors, such as beliefs, values, personality traits, or
abilities that guide a person’s behavior
-interpretation and inference about the stimuli or situations we
confront, situations and roles affect people’s behavior
-generalized knowledge about physical and social world and how to