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Psych 280 Exam 1 review - Psychology 280 Exam 1 Review...

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Psychology 280 Exam 1 Review Sheet Chapter 1 / Introduction: social psych Definition of Social Psychology - the study of individual’s feelings, thought, and behavior in a social situation. How it differs from other disciplines (Personality Psychology, Sociology, etc) o Personality Psych- study of individual’s differences in behavior (traits. Characteristics on their reaction) o Cognitive Psych- study of people’s perceive, think about, and remember aspects of the world (memory for words) o Sociology- the study of behavior of people in the aggregate ( subgroups, institutions, mass movement, and change in demographic characteristics) Kurt Lewin-the founder of modern social psych Field of forces- like behavior of people, like the behavior of object, is always a function of field of forces in which they find themselves. The person’s own attributes are important determiners of behavior; of course these attributes always interact with the situation to produce the resulting behavior. the role of situation, especially the social situation, in guiding behavior Channel factors- certain situational circumstances that appear unimportant on the surface but that can have great consequences for behavior, either facilitating or blocking it or guiding behavior in a particular direction. 1) Milgram experiment - had an experiment were volunteers where assigned teacher role and learner role. Even though the teachers wanted to stop administering the shock to the learners whenever they made an error, the fact that the experimenter said that they should continue continued doing it. (ASK QUESTION) 2) Darley and Batson study of Seminarians as Samaritans- Experiment by John Darley and Daniel Batson, Seminarians were asked to deliver sermon, and asked to take a route to get there easier. Some were told they had time, others were told they didn’t have time, and that they were late and should hurry up. On their way, they all saw a sitting in a doorway and had his head down while he was coughing and groaning. The Seminarians were good Samaritans and helped the men, so long as they weren’t in a rush. 3) Fundamental Attribution Error - the failure to recognize the importance of situational influences on behavior, together with the tendency to overemphasize the importance of dispositions or traits on behavior a) Dispositions - internal factors, such as beliefs, values, personality traits, or abilities that guide a person’s behavior b) Construals -interpretation and inference about the stimuli or situations we confront, situations and roles affect people’s behavior c) Schemas -generalized knowledge about physical and social world and how to
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behave in particular situations and with different kinds of people d) Stereotypes (and their relation to schemas)- schemas that we have for people of various kinds that can be applied and misapplied so as to facilitate, and sometimes derail, the course of interaction. Gender, race, age triggers stereotypes Conscious and Unconscious processing, types and functions
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