3_English_Philosophers_WS_fillable - English Philosophers of the Enlightenment SLMS\/10 Thomas Hobbes(1588(1588-1679 John Locke(1632(1632-1704

3_English_Philosophers_WS_fillable - English...

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English Philosophers of the Enlightenment S LMS/10 Thomas Hobbes (1588 Thomas Hobbes (1588 Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) 1679) 1679) 1679) •Thomas Hobbes was an English philoso- pher who wrote a number of things, most notably The Leviathan . •Hobbes believed that humans were basically selfish, and out for themselves. Society, in such a situation, would be cha- otic. Order would exist only if individuals could create it for themselves. Human socie- ty would be savage. •In order to create order, Hobbes suggested that a Contract was necessary in society. In this Social Contract , Hobbes argued that people had to give up their rights to the government for the sake of protection. •Many Absolute Monarchs used Hobbes’ writings to support their strong rule. John Locke (1632 John Locke (1632-1704) 1704) 1704) 1704) •John Locke was also an English philoso- pher, and his most notable work was Two Treatises of Government . •Locke, like Hobbes, described government as a Social Con- tract between rulers and people.

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