Crime prevention and control community based

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: heory Left Realism • Approach that sees crime as a function of relative Approach deprivation under capitalism and favors pragmatic, community-based crime prevention and control community-based • Represents a compromise between conflict and traditional Represents criminology criminology • Work of John Lea and Jock Young suggest the poor are Work doubly abused by capitalists and by members of their own class class • Ian Taylor contends the world is currently in the midst of Ian multiple crisis (job creation, social inequality, social fear, political incompetence and failure, gender conflict, and family & parenting issues) family Critical Feminist Theory • Approach that explains both victimization and Approach criminality among women in terms of gender inequality, patriarchy, and the exploitation of women under capitalism women • Explains gender bias, violence against women, Explains and repression and • Patriarchal (male dominated) systems devalue the Patriarchal work of women work • The exploitation of women produces far more The surplus value for capitalists than men surplus Power-Control Theory • The view that gender differences in crime are a The function of economic power and parental control function • Girls are controlled more closely than boys in Girls traditional patriarchal male-dominated households and there is gender equity in contemporary egalitarian homes egalitarian • Dissatisfied girls seek “role exit behaviors” Dissatisfied (running away/ suicide) (running • Empirical research has supported power control Empirical theory (Hagan and Sims-Blackwell) theory Peacemaking Criminology • Approach that considers punitive crime control Approach strategies to be counterproductive and favors the use of humanistic conflict resolution to prevent and control crime and • Offers a new approach to crime control through Offers mediation and conflict resolution mediation • Pulls from religious and philosophical literature Critical Theory and Public Policy • Seek to reduce conflict and competition in society • Reduce harsh punishment of offenders Restorative Justice • Using humanistic, non-punitive strategies to right Using wrongs and restore social harmony wrongs • Contends that society needs to hold offenders Contends accountable to make right the harms they have caused caused Principles of Restorative Justice • Crime is an offense against human relationships • Victims and the community are central to justice Victims processes processes • The first priority of justice processes is to assist The victims victims • The second priority is to restore the community • The offender has personal responsibility to the The victims and to the community victims • The offender will develop improved competency The and understanding and Restoration Programs • • • • • • negotiation negotiation mediation mediation consensus building peacemaking peacemaking sentencing circles sentencing panels Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ) • The justice system should give equal weight to The offender accountability, competency development, and community protection and Concerns about Restorative Justice • Is it a political movement or a treatment process? • Must be wary of cultural and social differences • What is considered “restorative” in one What subculture may be considered insulting or damaging in another damaging • No single definition • Must balance the needs of offenders with those of Must the victims the • Benefits may only be short-term...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 01/28/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online