4-12 - Lecture: 4/21/2007 Review: the Moderate Phase of...

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Lecture: 4/21/2007 Review: the Moderate Phase of Revolution, 1789—1791
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I. Review: the Moderate Phase of Revolution, 1789—1791 A. Causes 1. Weak Kings 2. Financial Crisis 3. The Enlightenment Challenge to tradition 4. Failure of moderate reform plans B. Accomplishments 1. Abolition of feudalism 2. Ended tax exemption of nobility and clergy 3. Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen—established the equality of citizens under the law 4. Established constitutional monarchy—power of the king was limited C. Constitutional Monarchy 1. Constitution of 1791: Written by the constitutional assembly. Establishes a constitutional monarchy. Economic elites retain the bulk of the power. Carry out an administrative restructuring of France. 2. Administrative restructuring: New government reorganized local governments in France—created 83 departments to break up the regional power of the nobility and increase the central power of the nobility in Paris. 3. Civil Constitution of the Clergy, July 1790: Brought the Church under the authority of the state. Clergy are required to pledge an oath of allegiance to the French state. Only 45% of clergy actually take the pledge—the Catholic powers at be in Rome were less than enthused. Attempt to dechristianize France backfires. a) Assignats: new form of paper money. Church lands were seized by the government and used as collateral for the new paper money. II. The End of the Monararchy, Radical Phase, 1792—1794
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A. The Flight to Varennes, 21 June 1791: The King and his family disguise themselves and flee Paris. They were recognized by soldiers at the German border and brought back to the city. Leads to uprisings in the streets because people lose faith in the monarch. The government spearheads an effort to mislead the people by telling them that the king was kidnapped rather than ran away. B. The Assalut on the Tuileries, August 1792: The lack of faith in the monarch due to his trying to run away as well as another economic shortage led to the attak of tuileries. C.
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 4C taught by Professor Dawson during the Spring '07 term at UCSB.

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4-12 - Lecture: 4/21/2007 Review: the Moderate Phase of...

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